Human Tolerance to Impact Conditions as Related to Motor Vehicle Design(STABILIZED Feb 2011)
This report reviews current1 quantitative data on human tolerance levels without recommending specific limits. Data developed on humans (including cadavers) are presented where available; however, in many cases animal data are provided where no suitable human results have been reported. This report confines itself, as much as possible, to information of direct use to the automotive designer and tester. Data of only academic interest are largely omitted; therefore, J885 should not be considered as a complete summary of all available biomechanical data.
Most of the data cited in this report applies to adult males since little information is available on women or children. The summary data provided in the tables should be considered in conjunction with the accompanying descriptive test. This material explains the manner in which the data were obtained and provides an insight as to their limitations.
The members of the SAE Human Biomechanics and Simulations Standards Steering Committee have reviewed J885 and made a conscientious decision to stabilize this Information Report. Extensive research in human tolerance has been conducted since J885 was last revised. Several published papers present Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) that are based on the current human tolerance data. The U.S. auto industry uses these values to assess the restraint performance of their vehicle designs. The committee members see no value in writing a SAE document to summarize these IARVs since their bases are well documented in the literature. J885 has historical value since many of the early IARVs were established from the data it contains.