Browse Standards J1978-1_202312
Current ISSUED 2023-12-13

OBD-II Scan Tool: First Generation Protocols J1978-1_202312

SAE J1978-1 specifies a complementary set of functions to be provided by an OBD-II scan tool. These functions provide complete, efficient, and safe access to all regulated OBD (on-board diagnostic) services on any vehicle which complies to SAE J1978-1
The SAE J1978-1 content of this document is intended to satisfy the requirements of an OBD-II scan tool as required by current U.S. on-board diagnostic (OBD) regulations.
This document specifies:
  • A means of establishing communications between an OBD-equipped vehicle and an OBD-II scan tool.
  • A set of diagnostic services to be provided by an OBD-II scan tool in order to exercise the services defined in SAE J1979 and SAE J1979-2.
  • The presentation of the SAE J1978 document family, where SAE J1978-1 covers first generation protocol functionality defined in SAE J1979, and SAE J1978-2 covers second generation protocol functionality defined in SAE J1979-2.
The SAE J1978 document family does not preclude the inclusion of additional capabilities or functions in an OBD-II scan tool. However, it is the responsibility of the OBD-II scan tool designer to ensure that no such capability or function can adversely affect either an OBD-equipped vehicle, which may be connected to the OBD-II scan tool, or to the OBD-II scan tool itself.
Differences in the SAE J1978-1 requirements are highlighted by bold italic text in the technical requirements sections of this document.


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