Windshield Defrosting Systems Test Procedure and Performance Requirements--Trucks, Buses, and Multipurpose Vehicles
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform test procedures and performance requirements for the defrosting
system of enclosed cab trucks, buses, and multipurpose vehicles. It is limited to a test that can be conducted on uniform
test equipment in commercially available laboratory facilities. Current engineering practice prescribes that for laboratory
evaluation of defroster systems, an ice coating of known thickness be applied to the windshield and left- and right-hand
side windows to provide more uniform and repeatable test results, even though under actual conditions such a coating
would necessarily be scraped off before driving. The test condition, therefore, represents a more severe condition than
the actual condition, where the defroster system must merely be capable of maintaining a cleared viewing area.
Because of the special nature of the operation of most of these vehicles (where vehicles are generally kept in a garage or
warmed up before driving) and since defrosting under steady-state over-the-road operations is the main concern, test
conditions have been adopted which assume that the engine is warm before the vehicle is driven.
There are two options for producing hot coolant in this recommended practice. Testing using these two approaches on
the same vehicle will not necessarily provide identical results. Many vehicle models are offered with optional engines,
and each engine has varying coolant temperatures and flow rates. If the test is being conducted to compare the
performance of one defroster design to another defroster design, then the external coolant source approach (Test A) will
yield the most comparable results. If the test is being conducted to validate the defroster installation on a specific vehicle
model with a specific engine, then using the engine to heat the coolant (Test B) will be more appropriate.
This document will be reviewed and revised as technological progress in vehicle defroster test procedure requires.