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Viewing 1 to 7 of 7
2014-09-30
Technical Paper
2014-01-2305
Zhigang Wei, Yunfei Qu, Yanping Zhang, Fulun Yang, Matthew Yule, Kay Ellinghaus, Markus Pieszkalla, Figen Lacin
Thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) resistance characterization and life assessment are extremely important in the durability/reliability design and validation of vehicle exhaust components/systems, which are subjected to combined thermal and mechanical loadings during operation. The current thermal-fatigue related design and validation for exhaust products are essentially based on testing and the interpretation of test results. However, thermal-fatigue testing are costly and time consuming, therefore, computer aided engineering (CAE) based virtual thermal-fatigue life assessment tools with predictive powers are strongly desired. Many thermal-fatigue methods have been developed and eventually implemented into the CAE tools; however, most of them are based on deterministic life assessment approach, which cannot provide satisfactory explanation for the observed uncertainties introduced in thermal-fatigue failure data.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0512
Zhigang Wei, Dmitri Konson, Deborah Clark, Limin Luo, Shengbin Lin, Fulun Yang
There is a broad range of material choices for on-road and off-road exhaust systems. The final selection of the materials depends on the balance of engineering performance of the materials and the cost. Thermal-cycling resistance of exhaust materials is an extremely important criterion for the long-term durability and reliability performance of very high temperature exhaust components and systems. To optimize the thermal-cycling resistance and cost of those materials, a selection matrix must be established. Several material evaluation and selection matrices are already available, however, these are not sufficient to meet the industry needs. The current procedure of material selection is essentially based on the trial-and-error approach, which is not efficient in the current market environment. In this paper, a general rational approach for thermal-cycling resistance characterization and ranking is demonstrated.
2012-09-24
Journal Article
2012-01-2058
Zhigang Wei, Fulun Yang, Shengbin Lin, Limin Luo, Dmitri Konson
Fatigue, creep, oxidation, or their combinations have long been recognized as the principal failure mechanisms in many high-temperature applications such as exhaust manifolds and thermal regeneration units used in commercial vehicle aftertreatment systems. Depending on the specific materials, loading, and temperature levels, the role of each damage mechanism may change significantly, ranging from independent development to competing and combined creep-fatigue, fatigue-oxidation, creep-fatigue-oxidation. Several multiple failure mechanisms based material damage models have been developed, and products to resist these failure mechanisms have been designed and produced. However, one of the key challenges posed to design engineers is to find a way to accelerate the durability and reliability tests of auto exhaust in component and system levels and to validate the product design within development cycle to satisfy customer and market's requirements.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0167
Zhigang Wei, Fulun Yang
Creep, fatigue, oxidation, or their combinations are usually the fundamental underlying material degradation and failure mechanisms in advanced engines, manifolds, thermal regeneration systems, and other systems. Therefore, the basic understanding and appropriate mathematical modeling of these mechanisms are crucial in engineering designs. Several numerical simulation strategies are being pursued to achieve a long-term goal of virtual simulation of high-temperature degradation and failure of such components and systems. In this paper, as the first step of the effort in virtual high-temperature material failure simulation, the numerical simulation of the recently developed crack growth models, i.e. creep-fatigue, fatigue-oxidation, and creep-fatigue-oxidation models, are conducted. It is demonstrated that the models developed can be implemented in an efficient way for virtual life assessment and engineering design applications.
2012-04-16
Journal Article
2012-01-0524
Zhigang Wei, Fulun Yang, Limin Luo, Katherine Avery, Pingsha Dong
Structural stress methods are now widely used in fatigue life assessment of welded structures and structures with stress concentrations. The structural stress concept is based on the assumption of a global stress distribution at critical locations such as weld toes or weld throats, and there are several variants of structural stress approaches available. In this paper, the linear traction stress approach, a nodal force based structural stress approach, is reviewed first. The linear traction stress approach offers a robust procedure for extracting linear traction stress components by post-processing the finite element analysis results at any given hypothetical crack location of interest. Pertinent concepts such as mesh-insensitivity, master S-N curve, fatigue crack initiation and growth mechanisms are also discussed.
2012-04-16
Technical Paper
2012-01-0069
Zhigang Wei, Limin Luo, Shengbin Lin, Dmitri Konson, Fulun Yang
A design curve, such as a fatigue design S-N curve, is required in engineering design processes. The design curve is usually constructed by analyzing test data, which often exhibit relatively large scatter. For assumed linear test data, two-stress level test plan is commonly used for accelerated life testing (ALT) and subsequent design curve construction. In this paper, based on the two-stress level test plan, a tolerance limit approach is adopted to develop a simple design curve construction procedure. The predicted results from the new method are compared with that of other methods. The advantage of the new method is demonstrated by analyzing the fatigue S-N test data of exhaust components. The determination of minimum sample size is also discussed with a worked table and a graph.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0343
Xiao Wu, Zhigang Wei, HongTae Kang, Abolhassan Khosrovaneh
Abstract Over the decades, several attempts have been made to develop new fatigue analysis methods for welded joints since most of the incidents in automotive structures are joints related. Therefore, a reliable and effective fatigue damage parameter is needed to properly predict the failure location and fatigue life of these welded structures to reduce the hardware testing, time, and the associated cost. The nodal force-based structural stress approach is becoming widely used in fatigue life assessment of welded structures. In this paper, a new nodal force-based structural stress recovery procedure is proposed that uses the least squares method to linearly smooth the stresses in elements along the weld line. Weight function is introduced to give flexibility in choosing different weighting schemes between elements. Two typical weighting schemes are discussed and compared.
Viewing 1 to 7 of 7