Criteria

Text:
Display:

Results

Viewing 1 to 30 of 344
2011-04-12
Technical Paper
2011-01-0108
Rainer Neumann, Thorsten Warwel
Due to the general requirements in the automotive industry to reduce the power consumption, fuel consumption rate and CO2 emission a new HID (High Intensity Discharge) bulb with only 25W is under development for front lighting systems. A first headlamp integrated in a hybrid vehicle is now launched as a first application in the market. The current regulation in ECE allows to get rid of the mandatory headlamp cleaning system and the automatic leveling requirement once the 25W HID bulb is applied. The reason for this is the objective luminous flux of the 25W HID bulb, which emits less than 2000 lm, a boundary defined in the regulation, where a headlamp cleaning and an automatic leveling is requested. That simplifies especially the integration in smaller vehicles and electric and hybrid vehicles. The paper describes the special design of the headlamp, the projector unit, the light performance, packaging advantages and future outlook of further applications in the near future.
2011-04-12
Technical Paper
2011-01-0114
Lawrence M. Rice
Light emitting diode (LED) modules (standardized light sources) for use in automotive illumination design will soon become available in production volumes. Designing products with these devices is not the same as working with conventional tungsten halogen or high intensity discharge (HID or Xenon) light sources. There are a number of LED module characteristics which must be kept in mind when designing lighting systems.
2011-04-12
Technical Paper
2011-01-0118
Daniel Le Messurier, John S. Orisich
Monte Carlo simulations are shown to be a useful tool when determining the flux output of LED arrays during the design phase. The results of Monte Carlo simulations are able to show the statistical distribution of output flux based on multi-LED arrays, thus allowing engineers to optimise their design, rather than using worst case scenario design principles.
2013-09-24
Technical Paper
2013-01-2434
Keshav Sud, Sabri Cetinkunt, Scott Fiveland
This paper uses a one-dimensional (1-D) simulation based approach to compare the steady state and transient performance of a Split Cycle Clean Combustion (SCCC) diesel engine to a similarly sized conventional diesel engine. Caterpillar Inc's one-dimensional modeling tool “Dynasty” is used to convert the simulation model of Caterpillar's current production turbocharged diesel engine Cat® C4.4 (used in their Hydraulic Excavator 316) to operate on the SCCC cycle. Steady state and transient engine performance is compared between the two engine variants. This study is focused only on the performance aspects of engine and relies on the other independently published papers for emissions prediction. This paper also demonstrates the use of Caterpillar's proprietary modeling software Dynasty to replicate the two cylinder SCCC engine model presented by University of Pisa in their paper [2].
2013-09-24
Technical Paper
2013-01-2398
Mahendra Muli, Jace Allen
The Model-Based Development (MBD) process has been the key enabler of technical advancement. MBD helps manage complexity, while making product development faster by bringing clarity and transparency to the entire product development process, specifically software components. Developing software using MBD has required extensive, sophisticated toolchains, like the ones provided by dSPACE, that allow for efficient rapid controls prototyping, automatic code generation, and advanced validation and verification techniques with hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) test systems. MBD is an efficient iterative process that allows engineers to improve quality and deliver on demanding needs of product variants in the current competitive environment. However, the MBD process described commonly using the ‘V-Cycle’ diagram leads to the generation of large volumes of data artifacts and work products. The iterative process, variants and versions of these artifacts lead to even larger amounts of data.
2013-09-24
Technical Paper
2013-01-2360
G. Balaji, Ashwini Agarwal, Mahesh Mungi, Ranjit Babar, Vidyadhar Katkar PE
In automotive design and development, there are different stages for product design. In this fast changing scenario product design, digital verification of design (CAE), physical validation of the product and launching of the same in short time is important in product development life cycle of any new generation vehicle. This paper proposes a new approach towards development of a green-field platform for commercial vehicles by improving reliability of CAE and thereby reducing the need for prototype testing and hence shortening development cycle and costs - we call it “Hybrid Mule”. This Hybrid Mule has complete design intent under-body and engine-house while upper-body is made of simple representative tubular space frame. FRP skin panels are attached to this space frame to create a safe environment for test-driver. FRP skin also provides early feel of styling in running condition and evaluates basic ergonomics and visibility.
2011-09-13
Journal Article
2011-01-2306
Xin Lei, Antoun Calash, John Cagney
A cyclically pressurized hydraulic component made of compacted graphite iron (CGI) is examined in fatigue design. This CGI component has a notch, formed at the intersection of two drilling channels. This notch causes the stress to be locally elevated and may potentially serve as a fatigue initiation site. Traditional fatigue design approaches calculate the maximum stress/strain range acting at the notch and apply the Neuber correction when calculating fatigue life. It is, however, found that the fatigue life is dramatically underestimated by this method. This prompts the use of the critical distance method because the stresses are concentrated in a relatively small volume. When using the critical distance method, the fatigue life is correctly predicted. Finally, a fracture mechanics model of the crack check the reasonableness of the critical distance method results.
2011-09-13
Technical Paper
2011-01-2181
Qianfan (Harry) Xin
The two most important issues for diesel engine system engineers to handle engine applications are how to coordinate technical relationships in an organization/team and how to acquire working knowledge of different applications for system integration. This paper is the first part of a series of three inter-related papers (parts) addressing diesel engine applications (i.e., Part 1 - the relationship among applications, engine system design, systems engineering, and organization structure; Part 2 - general performance characteristics of diesel engine applications; and Part 3 - specific or special emissions, operating, and design characteristics of different applications). Specialization, departmentalization, and integration are the three most critical aspects in organization design for engine product development.
1999-09-14
Technical Paper
1999-01-2841
Jonathan L. Tolstedt
The objective of this paper is to identify patterns of behavior exhibited by successful software development teams working in the off-highway environment. Case studies of both successful and unsuccessful project teams were performed. Concepts that repeated themselves and appeared to contribute to the success of the overall project have been identified as patterns. Recurring concepts that appeared to have contributed to the ultimate failure of a project were identified as antipatterns.
1999-09-14
Technical Paper
1999-01-2817
Subrata Roy, Phillip Cho, Fred Périé
A comprehensive finite element methodology is developed to predict the compressible flow performance of a non-symmetric 7-blade axial flow fan, and to quantify the source strength and sound pressure levels at any location in the system. The acoustic and flow performances of the fan are predicted simultaneously using a computational aero-acoustic technique combining transient flow analysis and noise propagation. The calculated sound power levels compare favorably with the measured sound power data per AMCA 300-96 code.
2012-09-24
Journal Article
2012-01-1979
Shinhyuk Michael Joo, Terrence Alger, Christopher Chadwell, William De Ojeda, Jacob Zuehl, Raphael Gukelberger
A 13 L HD diesel engine was converted to run as a flame propagation engine using the HEDGE™ Dual-Fuel concept. This concept consists of pre-mixed gasoline ignited by a small amount of diesel fuel - i.e., a diesel micropilot. Due to the large bore size and relatively high compression ratio for a pre-mixed combustion engine, high levels of cooled EGR were used to suppress knock and reduce the engine-out emissions of the oxides of nitrogen and particulates. Previous work had indicated that the boosting of high dilution engines challenges most modern turbocharging systems, so phase I of the project consisted of extensive simulation efforts to identify an EGR configuration that would allow for high levels of EGR flow along the lug curve while minimizing pumping losses and combustion instabilities from excessive backpressure. A potential solution that provided adequate BTE potential was consisted of dual loop EGR systems to simultaneously flow high pressure and low pressure loop EGR.
2012-09-24
Technical Paper
2012-01-2032
Mahesh J Pardeshi, Ravindra Rajhans, M Srinivas, Shailesh Patil, Gautam Pingle
Designing a cabin tilting system for Light Commercial Vehicles using a single torsion bar becomes challenging considering the operator safety and stringent design weight targets. Performance of a good tilting system entirely depends on cabin mass and location of centre of gravity with respect to (w.r.t) to tilting pivot point. Cabin Mass and COG location are very difficult to estimate while designing a new cabin as it is dependent on the maturation of all other cabin aggregates and also the accessories added by the customer. Incorporation design parameter changes like increasing cab tilting angle and increasing torsion bar length, in the later stages of product development, becomes expensive. The objective of this paper is to come up with an optimum design of a single torsion bar tilting employing “Taguchi optimization” for deciding the optimum levels of control factors, which ensures desired performance (i.e tilting effort vs.
2012-09-24
Technical Paper
2012-01-2034
Xiaopeng Fang, Jim Wild
Embedded software development has been dramatically improved with model based design and auto code generation tools. However, the development process of complicated embedded control systems still faces great challenges. Modern embedded control becomes so complicated due to sophistical control hardware and control optimization driven by competitive pressure and regulations. For example, engine embedded control development has to consider global emissions and On Board Diagnostics (OBD) regulations besides various vehicle platforms for the global market. This paper presents several design aspects for complex embedded control software architecture including component based design, component management, and software validation. The paper discusses several software architecture design ideas and analyzes their design benefits and disadvantages. Finally, the paper proposes a software architecture design and provides a design example.
2012-09-24
Technical Paper
2012-01-1934
Amol Prasad Sharma, Gopi Kannan N, Sudarsanam S
The automotive industry is heading towards introduction of newer and newer technology aimed at providing better comforts and value to the end user. The public/ private transport vehicles in urban/rural areas with FE has wide level of acceptance in South East Asian countries. The acceptance of FE buses is mainly because of the ram air cooling of the engine, lesser maintenance, higher fuel efficiency etc whereas rear engine buses with entry plus one step are deprived of these benefits. Hence, we have designed and developed a new Front Engine Semi -Low Floor bus having floor at E+1 step. The primary design challenge was to meet the uniform floor throughout the length of the vehicle. This uniqueness will help in easy ingress and egress of the passengers which helps in reducing the turn around rime of the vehicle. Other challenges includes, meeting the customer requirements in terms of application, load and duty cycle for this new design.
2012-09-24
Technical Paper
2012-01-1935
Herbert Baumgartner, Nina Robson
The Articulated Suspension Exploratory Platform (ASEP) is developed in an effort to improve the characteristics and capabilities of the existing recently developed Surface Ground Mobility Platform SGMP. Special attention is placed on the design of the passive suspension mechanism in order for the platform to be suitable for operation in remote and challenging environments. To improve the capacity of the suspension and the overall quality, different designs have been analyzed based on a number of system requirements. The advantages of the final design are its linear motion, obstacle capacities, slope climbing and down-hill stability, as well as compact size and low cost.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8091
Shuanlu Zhang, ZhenFeng Zhao, Changlu Zhao, Fujun Zhang, Yuhang Liu
Abstract A new method for driving the hydraulic free piston engine is proposed. This method achieves the compression stroke automatically rather than special recovery system. Principle of hydraulic differential drive free-piston engine is analyzed and the control strategy of this novel hydraulic driving engine is also introduced. Then energy balance method is used to design the main parameters of the novel engine. High pressure and secondary high pressure of the hydraulic system are constrained by the combustion parameters and therefore parameters are analyzed. In order to verify the effectiveness of energy balance method, the mathematical model is established based on the piston force analysis and engine working principle. The transient results of dynamics are obtained through simulation. In addition, the effectiveness of the simulation is proofed by dimensionless analysis. It indicates that energy balance method realizes the basic performance of hydraulic free piston engine.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0287
Srinivas Kurna, Rahul Jain, Arpit Mathur, Mahendra Parwal, Adithya Legala
Abstract The Mounting system of component plays a major role in determining the structural durability, compatibility and synchronization of the systems with respect to each other. The major function of Engine mounts is to isolate the engine from the chassis and to align the power-train system of vehicle according to needs. Here we exclusively deal with the failure case of a Heavy duty commercial vehicle Engine Mounts and its optimization. We do formulate a theoretical calculation for the estimation of engine loads, Center of Gravity (C.G) and characteristics of existing engine mount followed by a failure root cause analysis based on design and transmissibility parameters. This is then correlated with data from Computed Aided Engineering and Matlab for analysis of the existing model which is compared to the experimental transmissibility from Road load data Acquisition (RLDA). This is to validate the conditions and propose optimizations to reduce critical failures.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0373
Jatinkumar Janshali, G R M Rao
Abstract Close loop motion control implementation for electro hydraulic system with multistage telescopic cylinder aimed to articulate heavy load to desired angle while keeping acceleration, velocity of load and time to reach the desired angle within acceptable limit possesses stringent control system strategies. Conventional PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) control algorithm cannot be applied directly to control the system as these algorithms are also required to meet various other criteria apart from just to stabilize the system around the set point. In case of fail to meet these criteria can cause the damage to the components of subjected system and lead to disaster in worst case scenario. This paper describes the model based design approach to implement smooth motion control for heavy duty systems.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0369
R Muthuraj, Sundararajan Thiyagarajan, E Vignesh, C Kannan, Deepa Praphu
Abstract Overheating in commercial vehicles, even though if it’s in LCV segment, is a problem of high significance. There could be various level of problems that may arise due to heat generation resulting from braking (oversized brake drums left the wheels with lesser packaging clearances for air flow and cooling) and some of them are: 1. Early tire wear /reduction in tire life, 2. Air valve heat damage /air leak issues, 3. Frequent puncture problems, 4. Failure of other mating components and other heat initiated failures. However optimum the vent hole shape in a wheel may be, the air flow in the vicinity of drum periphery and wheel rim ID wouldn’t be sufficient enough because of the lesser clearance and packaging space as mentioned earlier. The basic construction of a wheel with disc welded to rim base ID was apparently modified to integrate the disc and gutter and weld it to rim OD.
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0231
Bhagyesh Bhagwan Chavan, S Udayakumar
Abstract Synchronizer design optimization is being prime need for smooth gear shifting and shifting noise. Especially in tractors, synchronizers are subjected to different kinds of loads under various field applications such as Puddling, Cultivation, Haulage, Construction equipment, etc. Also, transmission housings act as a part of chassis of the tractor and hence subjected to sever bending loads. Thus, design & evaluation of tractor transmission, meeting the customer requirement is quite complex. Current trends in product development are driven by shortening development time, reduced cost and first-time-right principle. These above requirements drive tractor manufacturers to put more efforts on delivering quality, robust and reliable transmission assembly in time. Generally the synchronizer packs were validated at sub system level in test rig and further assembled on to the tractor to validate the same in tractor level it requires more time & high cost.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2845
Qi Chen
Abstract Recent years have witnessed an increase in the number of electrical loads being driven by semiconductor devices in the body control module (or BCM) rather than by electro-mechanical relays in a typical truck with a 24V vehicle power net. This paper presents the major challenges caused by the higher voltage class of the truck supply and the longer wire harness cables, followed by an analysis of some key issues related to the design of truck BCMs to drive different loads. It offers some general guidance on practical design issues to BCM designers, such as an understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of different BCM architectural topologies, how to make a choice between a relay or a semiconductor driver, knowledge of the requirements of semiconductors used in truck applications etc.
2015-03-30
Technical Paper
2015-01-0098
Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Naveen Sukumar, Sunil Endugu, Umashanker Gupta
Abstract Advanced Non-linear topology optimization methods have been addressed as the most promising techniques for light weight and performance design of Powertrain structures. The theoretical achievements are obtained both mechanically and mathematically. Nowadays, the great challenge lies in solving more complicated engineering design problems with multidisciplinary objectives or complex structural systems. The purpose of this paper is to provide a forum to present new developments in structural Non-linear topology optimization. The advantage of the proposed method is that structural optimization on irregular design domains can be carried out easily. Furthermore, this method integrates the stress analysis and the boundary evolution within the framework of finite element methods. In this paper, mainly focused on the Commercial Vehicles Powertrain component i.e. Transmission Housing.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2754
Deepak Anand Subramanian, Natarajan Siva Kumar, Abdul Rahim
Abstract The commercial vehicle industry is evolving faster with the rise in multifarious aspects deciding a company's progress. In the current scenario, vehicle performance and its reliability in the areas of payload, fuel economy, etc. play vital roles in determining its sustenance in the industry, in addition to reducing driver fatigue and improving comfort levels. Test quality and time is the key to assure and affirm, smooth and quick launch of the product into the market. This paper details on the design of Multi-Axis road data simulator which entails realistic loads onto the components for capturing meaningful information on behavior of the product and recreate the field failure modes. The design was conceptualized keeping in mind both cost (for initial installation and running cost) and time for testing without loss in the convergence factor.
2015-09-29
Technical Paper
2015-01-2888
Devadatta Mukutmoni, Tristan Donley, Jaehoon Han, Karthik Mahadevan Muthuraman, P. David Campbell, Tom Mertz
Abstract Design and evaluation of construction equipments and vehicles in the construction industry constitute a very important but expensive and time consuming part of the engineering process on account of large number of variants of prototypes and low production volumes associated with each variant. In this article, we investigate an alternative approach to the hardware testing based design process by implementing a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation based methodology that has the potential to reduce the cost and time of the entire design process. The simulation results were compared with test data and good agreement was observed between test data and simulation.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8073
Rohit Saha, Mahesh Madurai Kumar, Long-Kung Hwang, Xingshi Wang, Fengchao Zhang, Xiaodan Zhang, Liu Yagui, Weiqing Sun, Yan Wang, Wei Cheng, Mingjin Lin
Abstract Various 1D simulation tools (KULI & LMS Amesim) and 3D simulation tools (ANSYS FLUENT®) can be used to size and evaluate truck cooling system design. In this paper, ANSYS FLUENT is used to analyze and validate the design of medium duty truck cooling systems. LMS Amesim is used to verify the quality of heat exchanger input data. This paper discusses design and simulation of parent and derivative trucks. As a first step, the parent truck was modeled in FLUENT (using standard' k - ε model) with detailed fan and underhood geometry. The fan is modeled using Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) method. Detailed geometry of heat exchangers is skipped. The heat exchangers are represented by regular shape cell zones with porous medium and dual cell heat exchanger models to account for their contributions to the entire system in both flow and temperature distribution.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8067
Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Kamal Rohilla, Gaurav Paliwal, Naveen Sukumar, Naveen Pratap Tripathi
Abstract Three on the tree, four on the floor. The gear change mechanism is a component that is too often taken for granted but it is one of the more important features of the vehicle. It must be quick and smooth in action, efficient and totally reliable. Modern driving conditions demand that the driver makes frequent gear changes and a mechanism that is temperamental or inaccurate can be both frustrating and dangerous as well as physically tiring. The gear changing mechanism starts, quite obviously, with the gear lever. Most stem from the fact that a gear lever must move in two planes, forward and back and then from side to side to move across the gear "gate". A good many drivers think of gear changing as one simple action. This is more a tribute to the design of gear changing mechanisms than a reality. There are multiple gear selector mechanisms that are available for use in commercial vehicle industry.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8062
Jham Kunwar Tikoliya, Ram Krishna Kumar Singh, Ramesh Kumar, Suresh Kumar Kandreegula
Abstract The existing head cover is having external oil and blow by separation unit, which is not only costlier but also complex and leads to increase in overall height of engine which was difficult to integrate in new variants of vehicles. A new head cover has been designed with internal baffle type oil and blow by separation system to ensure efficient separation and proper packaging of the system in new variants. The new system has been finalized after 26 DOE’s of different wire mesh sizes and different baffle plate size and positions. The final system has two bowl shaped separation unit with wire mesh, two cup type oil separation passages and one baffle plate for separating blow by. The system works on condensation and gravity method. The blow by is guided through a well-defined passage integrated in aluminum cylinder head cover itself. The passage angle is maintained to ensure minimum oil flow with blow by.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8101
Yoshimune Mori, Akifumi Yoshimura, Nobutaka Tsujiuchi, Akihito Ito, Atsushi Fujimoto, Zenzo Yamaguchi, Koichi Honke
Abstract In a typical mechanical product such as an automobile or construction machinery, it is important to identify deformation modes, for which experiments and analyses can result in significant improvements. It is also important to consider how to improve the structure with high rigidity by using a technique such as the strain energy method in conventional design and development. However, the abovementioned method often generates conflicting results with regard to weight saving and cost reduction of development requirements. Transfer path analysis (TPA) using the finite element method (FEM) is an effective way to reduce noise and vibration in the automobile with respect to these issues. TPA can reveal the transfer path from the input to the response of the output point and the contribution of the path, and to efficiently consider improved responses.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1333
Edward C. Fontana
Abstract Individuals in the United States consume twice as much energy as those in any other region. Solitary workday commutes in light vehicles are the leading reason for this difference. An electric vehicle design is proposed to help catalyze more social, higher occupancy, commuting habits - through application of existing technology. Performance criteria are: 1) attract passengers to the suburban front yard at 6:30 AM, 2) match market leading crash test performance, cargo capability, and sense of freedom, and 3) deliver easier parking, better acoustics and better passenger mile efficiency. A vehicle as a rolling event venue determines a large windscreen, side-by-side upright seating arrangements, and acoustic excellence -an experience where there are only good seats. These requirements force a decision to close the wake along a vertical line to form a narrow wake. The chassis is platform batteries with dual motor electric rear drive and undetermined front drive.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8132
Sanket Pawar
Abstract Reliability engineering methods are used to assess risk and eliminate hazards by estimation, elimination, and management of risks of failures. The ISO 26262 functional safety standard gives detailed guidance on reliability engineering methods like Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) [7], Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) [8] [2], and etc. While, there are many methods available for reliability engineering; no single method is foolproof for securing safety by eliminating hazards completely. Out of these methods, FMEA is widely being used as an integral part of the product development life cycle [10]. In this method, failure modes of individual components are analyzed considering one failure at a time. FMEA is an efficient method for analyzing failures in simple systems. For complex systems, FMEA becomes impractical. It is also difficult to consider variables in FMEA.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 344

Filter

  • Range:
    to:
  • Year: