Contributions to Engine Friction During Cold, Low Speed Running and the Dependence on Oil Viscosity 2005-01-1654
Friction data have been acquired from motored engine tests on four designs of light duty automotive diesel engines with a swept capacity around two litres (1.8l-2.2l). The data cover temperatures at the start of motoring of -20°C and above, and motoring speeds from 200 rev/min to 1000 rev/min. Most tests were carried out using SAE 10W/30 oil. The breakdowns separated piston assembly, crankshaft assembly, valve train and auxiliary component contributions to friction mean effective pressure (fmep). The empirical coefficients and functions used in the engine friction model developed by Patton, Nitschke and Heywood (SAE 890836) have been modified to fit the low speed, low temperature test data without greatly affecting predictions for fully-warm conditions. The dependence of component contributions on oil viscosity during warm-up has been taken into account.