A Simulation Program for the Braking Characteristics of Tractor-Semitrailer Vehicle 2000-01-3415
Recently safety systems for the commercial vehicle have been rapidly developed. However, we still have many problems in the vehicle stability and the braking performance. Especially, a commercial vehicle may meet a dangerous braking condition when the vehicle is lightly loaded or empty and when the road is wet or slippery. Under these conditions, the truck can spin out or the tractor can jackknife or the trailer can swing out. To design the air brake system for the commercial vehicle, since the air brake system has many design variables, there must have been intensive researches on a method how to prevent dynamic instability and how to maximize vehicle deceleration.
In this study, mathematical models of the tractor-semitrailer and the air brake system including an ABS controller have been constructed for computer simulation. Also, simple examples are applied to show the usefulness of the program. Designers can use this simulation program for understanding the braking characteristics such as trajectory, braking distance, longitudinal deceleration, lateral deceleration, and yaw rate on various braking conditions.