Human Occupant Kinematics in Low Speed Side Impacts 2002-01-0020
A search of the automotive collision trauma literature reveals that over the last 35 years shows that there have been less than ten published Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) articles describing the collision effects and resulting human occupant kinematics in low speed side impact collisions. The aim of this study was to quantify the occupant response for both male and female occupants for a battery of low-speed side impacts with various impact speeds and configurations.
Eight volunteers were used in a series of twenty-five staged side impact collisions with impact speeds ranging from approximately 2 km/h to 10 km/h and impact configurations to the front, middle and rear side portions of the vehicle. A NHTSA FMVSS 301 moving barrier was used as the impacting vehicle. A stiff bumper was constructed to fit the front of the barrier and was attached at a normal passenger vehicle bumper height. Occupant and vehicle responses were monitored by accelerometers and high-speed video. Occupant kinematic severity was found to have a positive correlation with increasing lateral Delta V.