A Model for Relating a Thermal Comfort Scale to EHT Comfort Index 2004-01-0919
Delphi Harrison Thermal System's comfort model can be used to predict the local thermal comfort level of an occupant in the highly non-uniform thermal environment of a vehicle cabin. This model is based on the concept of Equivalent Homogeneous Temperature (EHT) to assess the local comfort of 16 body segments as a function of air temperature, surrounding surface temperatures, air velocity, humidity, direct solar flux, as well as the level of activity and clothing type of each individual. Although EHT has been accepted by some European automotive industries, OEMs in North America have their own comfort scales. In the present study, we developed a model to correlate our EHT scale to an OEM's comfort scale. The current comfort model based on EHT produced excellent agreements with human subject data based on an OEM's comfort scale for both summer and winter rides.