Particle Emissions of a TDI-Engine with Different Lubrication Oils 2005-01-1100
Due to increasing concern about health effects of fine and ultra-fine particles (nanoparticles) from combustion engines, the diesel particle filter technology (DPF) *) was extensively introduced to heavy duty and passenger cars in the last years. In this respect, a very important parameter is the irreversible plugging of the DPF with non-combustible ashes. The quality of lubrication oil, especially the ash content has a certain influence on regeneration intervals of diesel particle filters.
In the present study, the effects of different lubrication oils on particle mass and nano-particle size distribution were investigated. The test engine was a modern diesel engine without particle filter system.
A main goal was to find out, how different lubrication oils influence the particulate emissions and the contribution of oil to total particle emissions.
Moreover, first results of a tracing study will be discussed. The comparison of a non-doped lubrication oil with a doped oil should enlighten the contribution of the oil to the particle formation.
It will be shown that beside sulphur content the particle emission is also effected by the composition (e.g. additive packages) of the oils.