The Exhaust Emissions of Prototype Ultra-Low Sulfur and Oxygenated Diesel Fuels 2005-01-3880
A 1.3-L direct injection diesel engine was used in steady-state testing to determine the emissions performance of a matrix of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels encompassing two types of sulfur removal and the use of fuel oxygenates. As expected, exhaust gas recirculation was the most effective technique for NOx reduction. With regard to fuel effects, an oxygenated diesel fuel produced with a conventional sulfur removal process reduced particulate emissions substantially, and these particulate reductions could be converted into NOx reductions by using higher levels of exhaust gas recirculation. On a simulated FTP, this oxygenated fuel simultaneously decreased NOx emissions by 30% and total particulate emissions by 50% compared to a baseline fuel.