Thermal Considerations for Meeting 20°C and Stringent Temperature Gradient Requirements of IXO SXT Mirror Modules 2009-01-2391
The Soft X-Ray Telescope (SXT) is an instrument on the International X-Ray Observatory (IXO). Its flight mirror assembly (FMA) has a single mirror configuration that includes a 3.3 m diameter and 0.93 m tall mirror assembly. It consists of 24 outer modules, 24 middle modules and 12 inner modules. Each module includes more than 200 mirror segments. There are a total of nearly 14, 000 mirror segments. The operating temperature requirement of the SXT FMA is 20°C. The spatial temperature gradient requirement between the FMA modules is ±1°C or smaller. The spatial temperature gradient requirement within a module is ±0.5°C. This paper presents thermal design considerations to meet these stringent thermal requirements.