Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-24-0020
2009-09-13

Cycle-by-Cycle Analysis, Knock Modeling and Spark-Advance Setting of a “Downsized” Spark-Ignition Turbocharged Engine 2009-24-0020

Recently, a tendency is consolidating to produce low displacement turbocharged spark-ignition engines. This design philosophy, known as “engine downsizing”, allows to reduce mechanical and pumping losses at low load as a consequence of the higher operating Brake Mean Effective Pressure (BMEP). The presence of the turbocharger allows to restore the maximum power output of the larger displacement engine. Additional advantages are a higher low-speed torque and hence a better drivability and fun-to-drive. Of course, at high loads, the spark-advance must be carefully controlled to avoid the knock occurrence and this determines a substantial penalization of the fuel consumption. The knowledge of the knock-limited spark timing is hence a key point in order to reduce the fuel consumption drop at high loads.

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