Effect of Thermal Management on Engine Performance 2018-01-0224
The effect of engine coolant and oil temperature on the performance was experimentally evaluated on a Navistar 12.4 Liter engine. The engine speed and load selected for evaluation represented the engine conditions typically found during a Class-8 truck’s cruising operation. In order to study the effect of oil and coolant temperature in isolation, the production coolant-cooled oil-cooler was replaced with a separate oil and coolant conditioning system. The piston and liner surface temperature was also logged at select locations to provide solid temperature response to coolant and oil temperature changes.
The engine tests showed that oil temperature variation had greater impact on the engine performance compared to the coolant temperature. This performance improvement came primarily from the lower combustion heat rejection and reduced friction at moderate engine loads. At higher engine loads the performance improvement was largely due to lowered heat rejection. Engine operation at elevated coolant temperatures resulted in slightly higher exhaust enthalpy with little or no change to the engine performance. The liner and the piston temperature provided continuous feedback and helped to successfully navigate the engine through these areas of elevated coolant and oil temperature.