Browse Publications Technical Papers 2018-01-0879
2018-04-03

Real World Performance of an Onboard Gasoline/Ethanol Separation System to Enable Knock Suppression Using an Octane-On-Demand Fuel System 2018-01-0879

Higher compression ratio and turbocharging, with engine downsizing can enable significant gains in fuel economy but require engine operating conditions that cause engine knock under high load. Engine knock can be avoided by supplying higher-octane fuel under such high load conditions. This study builds on previous MIT papers investigating Octane-On-Demand (OOD) to enable a higher efficiency, higher-boost higher compression-ratio engine. The high-octane fuel for OOD can be obtained through On-Board-Separation (OBS) of alcohol blended gasoline. Fuel from the primary fuel tank filled with commercially available gasoline that contains 10% by volume ethanol (E10) is separated by an organic membrane pervaporation process that produces a 30 to 90% ethanol fuel blend for use when high octane is needed. In addition to previous work, this paper combines modeling of the OBS system with passenger car and medium-duty truck fuel consumption and octane requirements for various driving cycles. Medium duty driving cycles were included; HHDDT cruise mode for long-haul heavy truck cruising and HTUF 4 for delivery truck duty. Commercial vehicle modeling was done under unloaded, half and fully loaded conditions. Additionally, for the first time, transient separator performance and effective separation limits were included in the evaluation. Separator start-up, and membrane selectivity decrease achievable real-world fuel economy from what can be achieved with two separate tanks: one with gasoline, the other with ethanol. However, using the fuel separation system, the reduction in fuel economy is modest compared to a two tank system with pure ethanol while the need to fill a second tank is removed. Fuel efficiency gains compared to equivalent-performance current engines, including real world limitations ranged from 17.5-30% with commercial gasoline that includes 10% ethanol as base fuel.

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