Additive Manufacturing Experimental Infill Testing and Optimization for Automotive Lightweighting 2019-01-1275
Lightweighting of vehicles in the automotive industry is one of the most prevalent trends currently underway; influenced by government regulation and consumer demand. The reduction in vehicle mass of the next generation automobile offers increased dynamic performance, reduced fuel consumption, and potential component cost reduction. Development in composite materials, numerical methods, part consolidation, and advanced high strength metals represent a selection of the strategies being utilized for lightweighting. Additive manufacturing (AM) is a family of rapidly developing technology that is seeing use in the automotive industry both in the development and production stages. Fused deposition modelling (FDM) printed parts offer designers increased freedom, at a reduced weight, in comparison to conventionally fabricated parts as internal sections that are hollow, sparsely filled, or composed of a lattice structure can be realized instead of the traditional solid infill matrix.
This paper investigates the gap in available knowledge on FDM printing infill designs, examining macro material properties for design considerations as a function of both mass and print time. Experimental data of prevalent infill patterns and structural correlation to contour layer effect are shown. An optimal configuration for both the minimization of mass and minimization of print time are presented, providing tangible structural data to designers that can be utilized in both structural and semi-structural applications. A set of examples is presented showcasing the applicability of FDM printed designs in an automotive production application and in an automotive product development application. Results indicate that the adoption of optimal infill patterns for FDM printed components will create new lightweighting applications in the automotive industry.
Matt Schmitt, Raj Mattias Mehta, Il Yong Kim