Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-5080
2019-07-25

3D Numerical Study of Sloshing Attenuation Using Vertical Slotted Barriers 2019-01-5080

The present study deals with the reduction of fluid vibrations by dissipating the kinetic energy in a closed vibrating container partly filled using vertical slotted obstacles. The effect of the barriers on the liquid vibration inside a closed container exposed to a harmonic excitation is numerically studied. A single vertical slotted barrier (SVSB) and multivertical slotted barrier (MVSB) systems are considered for different liquid levels. The 3D liquid domain with the tank and the barrier as boundaries is modelled and solved numerically using ANSYS-CFX software. The reduction in pressures on the walls and the ceiling of the tank due to the influences of the slot size and numbers were evaluated to optimize the size and the numbers of the slots. The numerical approach shows an ability to simulate the nonlinear behavior of the liquid vibration when using vertical slotted barriers (VSB). The obtained results show that the SVSB is more efficient than the MVSB to decrease the dangers of dynamic impacts of the liquid vibrations inside the container. The system-damping factor depends mainly on the slot size and reaches a greatest value at a relative slot size equal to 0.25 for all liquid depth ratios. The presented VSB combines the orifice hydrodynamic action and the integrity of the fluid bulk, which may be relevant for any liquid level. The present model findings agree well with the available analytical and numerical results.

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