Optimization Design and Analysis of Automobile Powertrain Mount System 2020-01-0407
Automotive powertrain mounting system (PMS) plays a key role in the vibration isolation and the comfort improvement in vehicle. So far, most of powertrain is modeled as a rigid body in 6 Degrees of Freedom (DOF) in research. Few comprehensive and overall optimization are considered which addresses the excitation of the powertrain, the vibration and noise inside the body and the transmission path of vibration together. In this paper, a 13-DOF model including automotive powertrain mounting system and the full vehicle is developed in order to achieve comprehensive and overall optimization for PMS. The minimum of vertical vibration at seat track and the noise at driver ear on the right side, the maximum of system's vibration isolation rate and the energy decoupling rate, the reasonable allocation of system natural frequencies are considered as the optimization targets. Genetic algorithm is used to solve the multi-objective optimization problem. The results show that the decoupling rate and the reasonable allocation in natural frequency of powertrain has a great influence on the overall ride comfort in vehicle. The vertical vibration under driver seat track and the internal noise at driver ear on the right side are reduced substantially and the ride comfort is improved greatly.