Research on Tracking Algorithm for Forward Target-Vehicle Using Millimeter-Wave Radar 2020-01-0702
In order to solve such problems that the millimeter-wave radar is of large computation, poor robustness and low precision of the target tracking algorithm, this paper presents an algorithmic framework for millimeter-wave radar tracking of target-vehicles. The target measurement information outside the millimeter- wave radar detection range is eliminated by the data plausibility judgment method based on the millimeter-wave radar detection parameters. Target clustering is made using Manhattan distance, to eliminate clutter interference and cluster multiple target measurements into one. The data association is made by use of nearest neighbor to determine the correspondence between information received measured by the radar and the real target. The vehicle is the key detection target of the vehicle millimeter-wave radar during road driving. These target-vehicles generally have no vertical movement or small moving speed in the vertical direction, so only the movement of the target-vehicle in the XY plane needs to be considered. Since the target-vehicle motion state has the characteristics of small mobility, a constant acceleration model is established based on the millimeter-wave radar motion coordinate system to describe the motion state of the front target-vehicle. The motion state are tracked and optimized by the algorithm of improved adaptive extended Kalman filter (IAEKF), because it is difficult to determine the statistical property of its measurement noise. A differential position system is formed by installing a base station on the ground and RT3000s on the ego-vehicle and target-vehicle, respectively. Differential Position System is formed by installing Base Station on the ground and high-precision inertial navigator RT3000s and RT-XLANs on the ego-vehicle and target-vehicle, respectively. By use of the differential position system, with effective communication, the relative distance and speed information between both vehicles can be obtained in real time to verify the accuracy of the millimeter-wave radar target tracking algorithm. Results show the proposed algorithm is feasible and of high estimation accuracy.