An experimental study was conducted of the heat radiation in a single-cylinder direct injection 142 diesel engine. The engine was operated at speeds ranging from 1000 to 2100 RPM and a variety of loads. The radiation was measured using a specially designed fiber-optics probe operating on the two-color principle. The probe was located in the head at two different locations: in one location it faced the piston bowl and in the other it faced the piston crown. The data obtained from the probe was processed to deduce the apparent radiation temperature and soot volume concentration as a function of crank angle. The resultant profiles of radiation temperature and of the soot volume concentrations were compared with the predictions of a zonal heat radiation model imbedded in a detailed two-zone thermodynamic cycle code. The agreement between the model and the measurements was found to be good, both in trends and in magnitudes.