Displacement Responses of the Shoulder and Thorax in Lateral Sled Impacts 933124
Three-dimensional film analysis was used to study the response of the shoulder and thoracic skeleton of cadavers to lateral sled tests conducted at Wayne State University. The response of the shoulder structure was of particular interest, although, it is perhaps the most difficult skeletal structure to track in a side impact. Results of the three-dimensional film analysis are given for rigid impacts at 6.7 and 9.1 meters per second, and for padded impacts averaging 9 meters per second. Results from a two-dimensional film analysis are included for the impacted clavicle which could not be tracked by the three-dimensional film analysis. Displacements at various locations on the shoulder and thoracic skeleton were normalized to estimate the response of a fiftieth percentile male.
Annette L. Irwin, Timothy J. Walilko, John M. Cavanaugh, Yonghua Zhu, Albert I. King
Wayne State Univ.
Stapp Car Crash Conference
Biomechanics of Impact Injury and Injury Tolerances of the Thorax-Shoulder Complex-PT-45, 37th Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings-P-269, SAE 1993 Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-V102-6