1995-05-01

Navier-Stokes Computations of Multi-Element Airfoils Using Various Turbulence Models 951180

The flow about multi-element airfoil configurations is investigated using the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations. An explicit scheme is used to advance the solution in time while a finite difference scheme is applied to discretize the flux terms. An algebraic and two one-equation turbulence models are used to model turbulence. The domain about each multi-element airfoil is discretized with structured Chimera grids. The multi-element configurations presented in this paper include two airfoils with slotted flaps and an airfoil with a 50% chord vented aileron deflected at 90 degrees. Subsonic flow computations are performed for attached and separated flow conditions. The computational results obtained with the CRTVD code developed at Wichita State University are in good correlation with wind tunnel data and with computational results obtained with the INS2D computer code developed at NASA Ames research center. The results indicate that the Navier-Stokes code used in this investigation is capable of predicting the complex flow fields associated with multi-element airfoils.

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