1996-05-01

NOx Emissions and Efficiency of Hydrogen, Natural Gas, and Hydrogen/Natural Gas Blended Fuels 961103

Engine dynamometer testing of homogeneous charge, spark ignition lean burn engines fueled by natural gas, hydrogen/natural gas blends and neat hydrogen was conducted to determine if NOx emissions from blended fuel operation can be reduced below those generated from natural gas operation, approaching those due to a 100% hydrogen fueled engine. The preliminary tests were conducted at the University of Central Florida/Florida Solar Energy Center on an eight cylinder automotive engine. The results indicate that the hydrogen/natural gas fuel has the potential of meeting highly restrictive NOx levels. Sandia National Laboratories conducted follow-on, comparative tests using a single cylinder research engine. The Sandia results indicate that the proposed CARB EZEV standard for NOx can be met without exhaust gas aftertreatment using a 30% hydrogen (by volume) / 70% natural gas blend fuel in a constant speed/power, hybrid vehicle application which achieves 60 MPG gasoline equivalent efficiency.

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