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Technical Paper

Main Features of Forming the Transmission of an Active Multi-Link Road Train

2020-04-14
2020-01-0427
The development of the economy and the associated growth in trade both within the country and international transport, the associated construction and development of transport routes using elements of intelligent transport systems constantly require increasing the efficiency of trunk transportation. In addition, the development of new economic regions with an undeveloped road network is impossible without high-capacity motor vehicles and cross-country ability. To achieve these goals, the creation of active road trains, including multi-link ones, based on non-traditional technical solutions, is required. The idea of using multi-link trains in the system of intercity and international transportation is not new. However, at the present stage of development of automotive technology requires rethinking and use of new achievements of science and technology.
Technical Paper

Optimization of the Process of Acceleration of a Vehicle Taking into Account the Regimes of Operation of Its Engine

2019-04-02
2019-01-0776
Currently, in order to effectively use the engine's energy resources and implement the required indicators of the traction, speed and fuel-economic properties of a vehicle, designers and manufacturers are trying to realize some certain properties to the transmission design that will ensure the most complete coordination of their joint work. However, even the optimal constructive solution cannot be universal, i.e. what is good for some operating conditions is not effective for other conditions. Therefore, today it is economically expedient to create vehicles intended for a certain, relatively narrow range of operating conditions. A wide range of modern continuously variable transmissions (CVT), as well as automatic control systems make it possible to radically change the approach to the design of vehicle transmissions. It remains only to determine the algorithms for changing the gear ratio of the CVT.
Technical Paper

Modeling of Fast Charging of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Batteries

2018-04-03
2018-01-0435
With the development of the market of electric vehicles, the issue of efficient battery charging becomes even more urgent. Thanks to the continuous increase in the level of development of electronics, new opportunities appear to create power electrical equipment with previously unattainable characteristics. For these purposes, a universal algorithm for fast charging of LiFePO4 batteries been developed. It assumes the fastest charging of the battery without damage due to overheating or overcharging. The algorithm includes several main parts: the algorithm of initial temperature testing, the algorithm of initial trickle charging, the main current charging algorithm, the algorithm of permanent temperature testing, the main voltage charging algorithm, algorithm of permanent temperature testing, the algorithm for final trickle charging. The efficiency of the fast battery-charging algorithm studied by mathematical modeling. Computer modeling carried out using open source software.
Technical Paper

Synchronous Motor with Silicon Steel Salient Poles Rotor and All Coils Placed on the Stator

2017-03-28
2017-01-1606
In this paper, we consider a new design of synchronous motor with salient poles rotor and all coils placed on the stator. This design, uses a laminated silicon steel rotor, which is not so expensive as a rotor with super strong permanent magnets. This design of machine eliminates copper rings on the rotor and brushes which is used in regular synchronous motors, and eliminates disadvantages involved with these arrangements. In an earlier publication, authors considered the opportunity realization of synchronous mode operation in the machine with salient pole rotor and DC stator excitation. Now, we consider the new synchronous mode operation with individual DC excitation of each the alternative current (AC) windings for realization the first, second and third phase synchronous machines. In theoretical basics of analyses and design of synchronous motors we pay more attention to the single-phase motor because it is the basis for design polyphase synchronous machines.
Technical Paper

DC Motor with Salient Poles Rotor and All Coils Placed on the Stator

2016-04-05
2016-01-0001
DC motors are the most controllable electrical machines but more complicated for fabrication, in comparison with induction motors having simplified design but more complicated for control. Regular DC motor contain excitation (field) coil on the stator and armature coil on the rotor. Armature coil connected with external voltage source by a mechanical commutator with brushes. This arrangement complicates fabrication of DC machine, increases its cost, lowered reliability, and demands regular maintenance. Electromagnets inside of the stator increase dimensions of DC motor. In DC motor with salient pole rotor, there are no coils on the rotor, and mechanical commutator with brushes is eliminated, and eliminated all disadvantages connected with this arrangement. In this paper, we consider the new version of DC machine with DC stator excitation in compare with presented earlier. The difference is in using individual coil excitation for each armature coil, placed on the stator.
Technical Paper

The Traction: Electric Drive of the Active Trailer for Pipe Transportation

2015-09-29
2015-01-2823
In this paper, we consider the hybrid power train for transportation of long pipes with big diameter. It is includes diesel engine for main towing vehicle and auxiliary electric drive for the active trailer The trains with active trailers are necessary at the building of oil and natural gas pipelines in no road conditions and marshlands. Due to the electric drive, the trailer's off-road capability on marshland conditions is sharply increased and its control is facilitated. The specified attractive qualities are appeared, if wheels of the trailer are executed as drivable, and the kinematic circuit of a drive is fulfilled as one-stage. At this, it is taken in attention that power of the electric drive will take 20 - 25 % from rated power of the basic traction drive, with the expanded range of torque control (till 1:10 and more). Such overloads are provided by the electric drive with synchronous reluctance machine of independent excitation developed by authors.
Technical Paper

Method of Calculating of Relay Type Free-Wheel Mechanism

2015-09-29
2015-01-2782
Free-wheel mechanisms transmit rotary motion in only one direction. They are widely used, for example, in hydraulic transformers, pulsed continuous transmissions, inertial automatic torque transformers, electrical starters for motors, and metal- and wood-working drives. Unfortunately, existing free-wheel mechanisms are insufficiently reliable and durable and in many cases limit the reliability of the drive as a whole. Thus, the insufficient life of free-wheel mechanisms delays the use of inertial automatic continuous transmissions, which have many benefits over existing transmissions. In most known free-wheel mechanism, the whole torque is transmitted through locking elements such as balls, rollers, eccentric wheels, pawls, slide blocks, and wedges, whose operation at large loads may limit the life of the mechanism.
Technical Paper

Three Zone Permanent Magnetic Structures and Their Applications

2015-04-14
2015-01-0141
Linear electric motors designed on the basis of permanent magnets have disadvantage. It is caused by nonlinear distribution of a magnetic flux density around the cylindrical permanent magnet. Therefore, the motors should be designed with the high level reserve power. It lids to increase of mass - dimensional parameters of a motor. In addition, it complicates a control system of an electric drive on base of the linear motor. These disadvantages are eliminated by using, offered by authors, of three-zoned permanent magnetic structures. Using the three zone magnetic structures on basis Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets allows reducing weight - dimensional parameters of the linear motor. In this paper is considered design technique of creation the tree zone magnet structure. As an example, it was designed linear electrical motor (actuator) for diesel speed electronic controller. Prototype electronic speed controller was build and tested.
Technical Paper

Electric Drive of an Industrial Tractor

2013-09-24
2013-01-2469
A traction electric drive is offered for an industrial tractor. The drive contains the generator, the controlled rectifier, the independent inverters, and two onboard motors. The important feature of the offered electric drive is application of synchronous reactive machines of independent excitation as the generator and traction motors. These electric machines have the following technical features: the generator and motor design is brushless; and simple, the rotor has high mechanical rigidity that raises reliability at high speeds and overloads. There are no windings on the rotor; the motor is designed for ease of manufacture (by expert estimations its price is lower than the squirrel cage induction motor on the order of 15-20 %). The machines have increased efficiency a result of a “cold” rotor design; the motors have high torque overloads capacity (up to 4-6 times the values of nominal torque).
Technical Paper

Brushless Series Connected Machine with DC Stator Excitation

2012-04-16
2012-01-0505
The brushless DC motors with permanent magnets are used primarily in law power applications. There are no limits on weight and motor dimensions in considered motors with DC stator excitation. Brushless series connected machine with DC stator excitation do not have rotor coils. Field coil and armature coils are mounted in the stator. Armature windings are connected to DC voltage source trough power transistors commutator. Power transistors are controlled by reflective optical sensors in function of rotor position. In the report, the new principle design of the motor with DC stator excitation is considered. The new principle of design supposes individual excitation for each of the armature phase. Such approach gives an opportunity to design electrical machine with any number of armature phases spaced in phase from each other. In series connected DC machines, the field winding is connected in series with the armature winding.
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