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Technical Paper

Summary of Vertical Drop Tests of YS-11 Transport Fuselage Sections

2003-09-08
2003-01-3027
Structures and Materials Research Center of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) conducted vertical drop tests of fuselage sections of a NAMC YS-11 A-200 transport airplane. This test program is a part of research activities in NAL on the structural crashworthiness of transport aircraft. In addition a cooperative research related to this test program has been carried out by NAL and Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.(KHI). The main objectives of this program are to develop optimal numerical models for crash simulation of aircraft fuselage and to obtain background data by drop tests of full-scale fuselage sections under a controlled impact condition. Two sections of the fuselage structure with seats and passenger dummies were tested at different drop velocity to a rigid impact surface(concrete). Finite element models of the test articles for simulation of vertical drop tests were developed using a nonlinear dynamic analysis code, LS-DYNA3D.
Technical Paper

Vertical Drop Test of a Transport Fuselage Section

2002-11-05
2002-01-2997
The Structures and Materials Research Center of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) conducted a vertical drop test of a fuselage section from a NAMC YS-11 transport airplane in December2001. This test program is a part of research activities in NAL on the structural crashworthiness of transport aircraft. In addition a cooperative research related to this test program was carried out between NAL and Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.(KHI). The main objective of this program is to develop optimal numerical models for crash simulation of aircraft fuselage and to obtain background data by drop tests of small-scale structural models and a full-scale fuselage section. Prior to the drop test of a full-scale fuselage structure, a trial numerical simulation on the crash behavior of a small-scale sub-floor structure was conducted by NAL using the explicit, nonlinear dynamic analysis code, LS-DYNA3D.
Technical Paper

A Study of Noise Reduction Method on Motorcycle

1999-09-28
1999-01-3257
With an increasing number of vehicles, the reduction of traffic noise emissions becomes a greater social requirement. On the other hand, as users' tastes for motorcycles have diversified, it becomes important to develop and supply products to meet customers' requests within a short period. Therefore, it is a key factor to efficiently develop motorcycles which conform to the noise regulations. This paper describes concrete examples of currently utilized noise-source proving methods and noise reduction methods for motorcycles.
Technical Paper

Research on the Performance of a Waterjet Propulsor for Personal Watercrafts

1999-09-28
1999-01-3264
A waterjet propulsor has come to be used more popularly for high speed watercrafts such as personal watercrafts. The most difficult problem for designing the waterjet system is that a tradeoff is required to properly determine the best parameters for the waterjet pump and subsequently the best overall propulsion system. This paper presents the design method and performance improvement of the waterjet propulsor used for personal watercrafts. The authors have clarified the performance of the individual component in the waterjet propulsor and improved the component efficiency empirically, and established the method to estimate the thrust and power characteristics of the propulsor on board from the component test results and other design parameters, which enables the optimization of the waterjet system.
Technical Paper

Development of the Isolation Chamber

1995-07-01
951515
The National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) is constructing the Isolation Chamber in Tsukuba Space Center (TKSC) by March 1996. The Isolation Chamber will be used to basic training for Japanese astronauts, development for crew training technology and research for manned space technology. This paper describes the outline of the Isolation Chamber.
Technical Paper

Aerodynamic Development of Boundary Layer Control System for NAL QSTOL Research Aircraft ‘ASKA’

1991-09-01
912010
“ASKA” developed by National Aerospace Laboratory (NAL) is a quiet, short take-off and landing (QSTOL) research aircraft adopting upper surface blowing (USB) concept as a powered high lift system. To achieving sufficient STOL performance by augmenting stall angle of attack and roll control power, blowing BLC technique was applied to the outboard leading edges and ailerons.Supplied high pressure air to save the BLC piping space,the BLC system which was fit for use of high pressure air was developed. The BLC system, in which BLC air is discharged by a series of discrete jets from small drilled holes (0.8 ∼ 3.0 mm in diameter) arranged in a raw, is one of the unique features of the aircraft. In this paper, the summaries of aerodynamic development of the BLC system are described except for the air piping system.
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