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Technical Paper

Development and Application of a Shape-Topology Optimization System Using a Homogenization Method

The shape and topology optimization method using a homogenization method is a powerful design tool because it can treat topological changes of a design domain. This method was originally developed in 1988 [1] and have been studied by many researchers. However, their scope of application in real vehicle design works has been limited where a design domain and boundary conditions are very complicated. The authors have developed a powerful optimization system by adopting a general purpose finite element analysis code. A method for treating vibration problems is also discussed. A new objective function corresponding to a multi-eigenvalue optimization problem is suggested. An improved optimization algorithm is then applied to solve the problem. Applications of the optimization system to design the body and the parts of a solar car are presented.
Technical Paper

Optimization Analysis for Vehicle Vibration mode Control

The occurrence of various vibrations and noises in an automobile, such as idling vibration, boom noise and road noise, is greatly affected by the natural vibration modes and could be developed for controlling the body strength and weight these problems could be solved and a high-performance vehicle realised. This paper presents an analytical method developed by the authors to solve these problems and gives examples of its application. In developing this method, the problems of natural vibration mode and static stiffness control were addressed. Perturbation and sensitivity analysis methods have already been proposed for mode control. Four typical methods were examined and the best one was chosen in terms of accuracy and calculation time when handling large-scale problems. For static sensitivity analysis, we proposed a nevi method which is like natural mode sensitivity analysis.
Technical Paper

Application of Energy Optimal Control to Energy Management of Hybrid Vehicle

Energy optimal control theory (EOC) is applied to the energy flow control of a hybrid electric vehicle. Since the differential equation is solved analytically, the control law can be easily implemented in real time. Because the objective function is described in power form that permits negative value, not only the energy consumption is minimized but also the energy regeneration by the motor is maximized. In the simulation for the 10-mode driving, it is shown that the fuel cost of EOC is 15% lower than the rule based control (RBC).
Technical Paper

A Study on Deformation Behavior of Vehicle Cabin and Safety Belt Using a Most Probable Optimal Design Method

The design of automobile human safety is a very important design factor, which the car manufacturers have recently focused. Crash tests have provided information on dummy response measurements such as the maximum chest acceleration head injury criteria (HIC) value and femur loading. The subject of this research is an optimal design of the seat belt in consideration of the deformation behavior of a vehicle cabin with the aim of reducing the human injury. The research focuses on the optimization method of taking the comprehensive trade off between the global approximation and computational cost. The optimization approach called Most Probable Optimal Design (MPOD) proposed by the authors is modified to be applicable to the optimization of cabin crash deformation behavior and safety belt with the mixed discrete and continuous design variables. The application example of the Hybrid III dummy model shows that the MPOD technique is effective in saving the computational cost.
Technical Paper

Optimum Engine Mounting Layout by Genetic Algorithm

In this study, the genetic algorithm so called GA is newly applied for the optimization of many engine mounting parameters, calculations of stiffness matrix and inverse matrix to obtain 6 degrees of freedoms displacements at mounting points and a center of gravity. As a result, the optimized result could be shortly obtained in a minute, and an inexperienced engineer could easily make the optimum engine mounting layout, which can satisfy the vibration isolation and the non-interference in an engine compartment.