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Technical Paper

Improving K-12 Science and Math Education Through Enhanced Teacher Quality

I The increasing infiltration of technology into our society has resulted in a growing need for a technology-literate public who understands and supports areas of advancement. In addition, there is a current lack of technically skilled workers to fill the present job market in the United States due to the lack of students who are adequately prepared or interested in fields such as science, mathematics, engineering and technology (SMET). The K-12 students who are currently in our school districts are the policy makers, technical workers, and educators of tomorrow. In order to increase the number of Americans who are both technically literate and capable of performing the needed technical jobs, emphasis must be placed on improving the educational system in grades K-12 where the process of learning science and mathematics first begins.
Technical Paper

Leadership: Action Not Position

The study of Leadership embraces three main phases: 1) Trait theories, 2) Style theories, and 3) Situational theories. Each of these positions is reviewed in this paper. It is suggested that leadership is a process of using skills to analyze each situation to determine the appropriate leadership style. Suggestions are given to help the manager with this analysis to develop better leadership skills.
Technical Paper

Women in Engineering: A Non-Traditional Resource

A profile of the woman engineering student and the professional woman engineer is presented, along with an analysis of why she chose engineering and how she compares with her male counterpart. The impact of women engineers on society and that of society on women engineers is examined. The second half of this paper deals with the personal aspects of being a woman engineer. The concerns of a woman engineer in the workplace and in the home are discussed along with some differences between male and female engineers and some problems unique to women engineers.
Technical Paper

A Pattern for Engineers in the ‘80’s

The material presented in this paper addresses the following questions of the engineer of the ‘80’s: 1. How can an (earthmoving) engineer be successful in the ‘80’s? 2. Should he isolate himself in his work? 3. Are there special needs in the ‘80’s? 4. What should he do-personally-to succeed and to improve the world in which we live? 5. Can the engineer help solve specific problems facing us now? 6. Can today’s problems-unemployment, inflation, world unrest, competition from new sources around the world, social unrest, energy limitations, pollution, and others, be met directly by the engineer with any success?
Technical Paper

How to Involve Younger Members and Non-North Americans in Standards Development - an Imperative for U.S. Business

To properly Involve Younger Associates and Non-North Americans in Standards Development, a joint responsibility between companies and SAE is required: Recruit appropriate representatives who represent the diversity of the company. Create an attractive environment in which to work. Lead representatives but do not breathe down their necks. Prepare them properly, including training and mentoring (tagging along). Create attrition plans. Engage in the principles of Strategic Standardization Management. Tie committee work with member company's business, technology and project plans. Make the process more efficient. Facilitate electronic communication and web-based tools. Carefully weigh alternative projects; choose the ones with the highest potential. Recognize the standards development phases. Provide credit (rewards and awards) when credit is earned.
Technical Paper

Design for the Workplace: A Manager's Guide

Engineering productivity and customer-focused outcomes are ongoing concerns for managers. In order to be effective, engineering departments need to be challenging, satisfying, and productive places to work. Attracting and keeping talented engineers are constant worries in an era of uncertainty caused by competitiveness, downsizing, and restructuring. Design for the Workplace: A Manager's Guide focuses on providing maximum management support and encouragement. Engineering managers can use several strategies to create an effective workplace, including temporary job assignments, work teams, communication, training and career development, and motivation. Thoughtful planning and careful implementation are necessary for any strategy to be viable.
Technical Paper

On A Clear Day You Can See Friday – A Career Counseling Tool for Managers in the ‘80’s

For a growing number Friday is the day employees clear out their desks and move to a new job in a new organization. In many cases a result of unclear career orientation leading to frustration and dissatisfaction with their present status. Excessive attrition is expensive. This presentation will focus on a simple, visible communication tool HRD personnel and company supervisors can use to help subordinates access personal strengths and weaknesses, understand feedback on present performance, gain insights into the organizational structure, discover dysfunctional executions in the present work environment and match proper training with needs. First, we will examine a dual career path ladder and the resume base that supports both lateral and vertical career growth. Then we will explore why task performance and behavioral performance must be separated and how each can be used to help the employee prepare a plan for career development.
Technical Paper

Presidential Address of the Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan--The Activities of the Society of Automotive Engineers and the Automobile Situation in Japan

The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan was established in the immediate aftermath of World War II. In the intervening 40 years, the SAE of Japan overcame numerous hurdles and grew to be one of the most important engineering organizations in the world with a membership of about 23,000. The SAE of Japan is also active overseas, promoting interflow with countries around the world as a member of the IPC and FISITA and playing a role in international cooperation in automotive technology. Japan still faces great difficulties in the form of trade frictions and the high value of the yen, and is trying its best to solve these problems. New themes have emerged in the fields of electronics and new materials. The engineers must take up the challenge of this new technology in order to improve the performance of automobiles and build an affluent society while maintaining harmony between man and car.
Technical Paper

Constituencies of Design

The concept of Design Engineers having “Constituents” and the framework for responding to those constituents through the design phase of machinery is developed. A liberal arts complement to the Engineering profession and the complications brought on by time and change are examined. The characteristics of a rational approach involving leadership, diversity, and self-doubt are explored. Author concludes that the Design Engineer must remain an entrepreneurial person.
Technical Paper

Electrical Engineering Education-A Study in Dynamics

Now as never before electrical engineering is an exciting, fast-paced, and dynamic profession requiring life-long study for continued practice. University programs must provide the educational basis for each electrical engineering graduate's continuning professional development. Yet these programs are themselves experiencing forces and accelerations of crisis proportions during this present period of rapid change. This paper examines some aspects of our educational system that are rooted in the past, have served the profession well, but now are contributing undesirable force components. It also outlines the circumstances associated with the present expanding sphere of professional education, educational delivery systems, and explores the multi-facted impact of emerging microelectronics technology on electrical engineering education. Targeted are areas in need of streamlining, responsibilities of the profession in this time of challenge and ideas concerning industry support.
Technical Paper

You're Not Out There Alone: High-Tech and Other Aids for Your Career Planning and Management

Career development planning is critical to getting the most out of one's working years. It should start when one starts a career, but even if you start in mid-career, it's not too late. For those who haven't done it, career planning may seem difficult and confusing. Increasingly, your community library and state employment service agency provides valuable help in the form of computerized and manual aids to career planning and job-getting. This article follows Dave Brown, a mid-career engineer, through the career-planning process, introduces library and government resources to you and provides a list of computer programs relating to career planning and job getting.
Technical Paper

TOO OLD TO LEARN? - War's Antidote - Education

About 27 million persons, or ½ of our total adult population, are enrolled in some form of adult education. Such education, continuing through years of maturity, engenders tolerance toward others and makes possible individual fulfillment. These are the only two forces that can successfully combat the spirit of hostility between countries, political, social or economic groups. In engineering especially, the age limit in education has been raised. The Engineering Council for Professional Development, in its minimum definition of an engineer, specifies not less than four years after graduation from an approved engineering school as the minimum time in which a young engineer can be expected to reach full professional status. Along with the increased emphasis on the post college training of engineers has occurred a change in engineering colleges themselves.
Technical Paper

Identification of Symbols and its Influence on Training for Motor Vehicle Controls

Clear identification of motor vehicle controls is necessary for safe operation of a vehicle. Identification of some well-known symbols and some new symbols was investigated by inquiries. Differences in identification between trained and untrained subjects are shown (employees of a vehicle manufacturer versus factory visitors). Influences of sex, age, and professional education are evaluated. The learning effect of identification before and after a purposeful training was investigated by an additional inquiry of factory visitors. The result showed no significant influence of sex, age, professional experience, or ownership of a driver license on the identification after training. This improves the chance of eliminating symbols of insufficient identification.
Technical Paper

Selection for Technical Leadership

The purpose of this paper is to describe a system of selection for technical leadership which has been developed in the UK's Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Corps. It has been refined over the years into an effective method of selecting young men with qualities which have taken them to responsible positions in technical management.
Technical Paper

Professional Schools of Engineering

The future education of engineers must include a greater emphasis on professionalism, which has been recognized by many engineering colleges. The topics to be covered, and the extent of the coverage, for professional education are not well defined. A Professional School would involve people from the profession, consider the needs of society, inculcate high ethical practices, and provide continuing education. The technical and professional background would prepare engineers to be leaders in the application of technology. The adequacy of the technical education will be based on accreditation by ECPD. An approach to assure an adequate professional engineering education is through the development and recognition of Professional Schools of Engineering. Considerable discussion has taken place, and continues, on the recognition of such schools.
Technical Paper

Identification of Symbols for Motor Vehicle Controls

Clear identification of motor vehicle controls is necessary for safe operation of a vehicle. Identification of some well-known symbols and some new symbols was investigated by a questionnaire. Differences in identification between trained and untrained subjects are shown (employees of a vehicle manufacturer versus factory visitors). Influences of sex, age, and professional education are evaluated. Recommendations for use and further development of symbols such as color and contrast, location, and lighting are given. These findings are compared with the SAE Research Study on the Interpretability of ISO Vehicle Control Symbols, published June 9, 1970.
Technical Paper

Communication: Some Guidelines for Clear Writing

Engineers constantly face the professional challenge of communicating clearly, often through the written word. Some may believe that writing clearly is a knack, requiring mainly memorization of and attention to certain fundamental grammatical rules. While these are important, clear writing requires far more from the human mind. Some of these demands are examined. Some writing tips for the engineer struggling to communicate effectively with a general, non-technical audience also are included.
Technical Paper

The Vital Shift from Managing Workers to Managing Managers

Successfully moving up through the managerial ranks creates special problems for engineers. Not only must they learn how to deal with subordinate managers who behave differently from workers, but they must master a basic change of orientation. Inability to make this vital shift severely limits individual potential as well as organizational potential.
Technical Paper

Preparing for ISO/QS 9000 - Help for the Small/Medium Manufacturer

As new information-age technologies are developed and applied by the Earthmoving Industry, standards are increasing in importance. The keys to long-term competitiveness in today's global marketplace are products of better quality, produced at lower prices, delivered in record time. Manufacturers are constantly being urged to produce better products cheaper, faster and at a higher quality than ever before. In fact, measuring quality has become the benchmark for many products. A company must have, to survive and prosper, an in-depth quality system; one that will meet and exceed the demands of customers. The International Standards Organization (ISO) has developed standards by such a quality system can be developed. These standards help guide the companies, who become certified against them, to increasingly higher levels of quality. Smaller manufacturers need to pursue this certification but cannot do it alone.
Technical Paper

Organizational Responses to Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems in North America: Analysis from Case Studies and Historical Precedent

Intelligent vehicle-highway systems (IVHS) offer the prospect for improving the effectiveness of the existing road transportation system through the application of advanced computer, electronics, and communications technology. Recent efforts within government, industry, and academia have been directed toward capitalizing on the opportunities promised by such systems. Public agencies see the potential for improvements in safety and better traffic management through more effective information dissemination to the traveler. Industry anticipates growing markets for products and services which make travel more efficient and enjoyable, or at least less of a bother. Academia is positioning to provide the fundamental and applied research necessary for the design and analysis of these systems. Educators also recognize the need for college and continuing education of professionals trained in disciplines relevant to the design and management of IVHS.