Comparison of Eye Fixations of Operators of Motorcycles and Automobiles
The eye fixations were measured of two motorcyclists who drove a motorcycle and later an automobile on two-lane rural roads at about 45 mph, in daytime. The effects of road edge delineation, road geometry, oncoming vehicles, and whether the drivers were controlling a motorcycle or an automobile were evaluated in terms of the manner in which the drivers used their eyes to obtain visual information. The results indicated that most of the drivers' attention was directed within 5° of the forward line of sight, but on curves, the drivers' eye fixations shifted in the direction of the curve. When an oncoming vehicle appeared, the drivers spent a substantial proportion of the viewing time looking at it periodically. The mean duration of glances were longer for these drivers when operating a motorcycle than an automobile.