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Technical Paper

Methods to Reduce Air-charge Characterization Data for High Degree of Freedom Engines

Current methods of storing critical engine operating parameters often rely on lookup interpolation functions. A drawback to lookup interpolations is that as the number of independent variables increases, the function's dimensions increase from tables to cubes to hypercubes of data. A sparser collection of data may serve if the strict orthogonal structure of lookup functions is not required. Instead of forming a matrix of data for every combination of input variables, a few critical data points are stored with their independent variables. The available data can be used to estimate parameters at new input values (typically from current measurements) by relating the available data by its distance from the new inputs. An inverse distance weighting scheme is used to calculate the output of the function.
Technical Paper

Air Charge and Residual Gas Fraction Estimation for a Spark-Ignition Engine Using In-Cylinder Pressure

An accurate estimation of cycle-by-cycle in-cylinder mass and the composition of the cylinder charge is required for spark-ignition engine transient control strategies to obtain required torque, Air-Fuel-Ratio (AFR) and meet engine pollution regulations. Mass Air Flow (MAF) and Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensors have been utilized in different control strategies to achieve these targets; however, these sensors have response delay in transients. As an alternative to air flow metering, in-cylinder pressure sensors can be utilized to directly measure cylinder pressure, based on which, the amount of air charge can be estimated without the requirement to model the dynamics of the manifold.