Empirical Noise Model for Power Train Noise in a Passenger Vehicle
Power train noise reaches the interior through structureborne paths and through airborne transmission of engine casing noise. To determine transfer functions from vibration to interior noise a shaker was attached at the engine attachment points, with the engine removed. A simple engine noise simulator, with loudspeaker cones on its faces, was placed in the engine compartment to measure airborne transfer functions to interior noise. Empirical noise estimates, based on the incoherent sum of contributions for individual source terms times the appropriate transfer function, compared remarkably well with measured levels obtained from dynomometer tests. Airborne transmission dominates above 1.5kHz. At lower frequencies engine casing radiation and vibration contributions are comparable.