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Multi-Dimensional Engine Modeling, 2018

2018-04-03
This collection covers advances in the development and application of models and tools involved in multi-dimensional engine modeling: advances in chemical kinetics, combustion and spray modeling, turbulence, heat transfer, mesh generation, and approaches targeting improved computational efficiency. Papers employing multi-dimensional modeling to gain a deeper understanding of processes related to turbulent transport, transient phenomena, and chemically reacting, two-phase flows are included in this collection.
Standard

Crane Hoist Line Speed and Power Test Procedure

2017-06-07
CURRENT
J820_201706
This document applies primarily to mobile cranes that lift loads by means of a drum and hoist line mechanism. It can be used to determine the hoist line speed and power of other hoist line mechanisms, if the load can be held constant and hoist line travel distance is sufficient for the accuracy of the line speed measurements prescribed. This recommended practice applies to all mechanical, hydraulic, and electric powered hoist mechanisms.
Standard

Crane Hoist Line Speed and Power Test Code

1998-07-01
HISTORICAL
J820_199807
This code applies primarily to mobile cranes that lift loads by means of a drum and hoist line mechanism. It can be used to determine the hoist line speed and power of other hoist line mechanisms, if load can be held constant and hoist line travel distance is sufficient for the accuracy of the line speed measurements prescribed.
Standard

Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines--Performance--Part 1: Standard Reference Conditions, Declarations of Power, Fuel and Lubricating Oil Consumptions, and Test Methods

1994-11-01
HISTORICAL
J3046/1_199411
This part of ISO 3046 specifies standard reference conditions and methods of declaring the power, fuel consumption, lubricating oil consumption, and test methods for reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines in commercial production using liquid or gaseous fuels. Where necessary, individual requirements are given for particular engine applications. This part of ISO 3046 covers RIC engines for land, rail-traction, and marine use, excluding engines used to propel agricultural tractors, road vehicles, and aircraft. This part of ISO 3046 may be applied to engines used to propel road construction and earthmoving machines, industrial trucks, and for other applications where no suitable International Standard for these engines exists. This part of ISO 3046 may be applied to tests on a test bed at the manufacturer's works and to tests on site.
Standard

Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines--Performance--Part 1: Standard Reference Conditions, Declarations of Power, Fuel and Lubricating Oil Consumptions, and Test Methods

2005-04-25
CURRENT
J3046/1_200504
This part of ISO 3046 specifies standard reference conditions and methods of declaring the power, fuel consumption, lubricating oil consumption, and test methods for reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines in commercial production using liquid or gaseous fuels. Where necessary, individual requirements are given for particular engine applications. This part of ISO 3046 covers RIC engines for land, rail-traction, and marine use, excluding engines used to propel agricultural tractors, road vehicles, and aircraft. This part of ISO 3046 may be applied to engines used to propel road construction and earthmoving machines, industrial trucks, and for other applications where no suitable International Standard for these engines exists. This part of ISO 3046 may be applied to tests on a test bed at the manufacturer's works and to tests on site.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines-Piston Rings Expander/Segment Oil Control Rings

1992-09-01
HISTORICAL
J2004_199210
This SAE Standard is equivalent to ISO Standard 6627 TR. Differences, where they exist, are shown in Appendix A with associated rationale. This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional features of commonly used oil control rings having two steel segments (rails) separated and expanded by one steel expander/spacer. The segments vary in width from 0.4 to 0.6 mm. The assembly width ranges from 2.5 to 4.75 mm. The 4.75 mm width is equivalent to existing 3/16 in applications. Expander design will vary considerably with piston ring manufacturer. The total circumferential deflection and the piston groove depth should be considered when designing these oil rings to optimize the fit of the ring assembly into the piston groove. This document applies to oil control rings up through 125 mm for reciprocating internal combustion engines. It may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines-Piston Rings-Expander/Segment Oil Control Rings

1998-04-01
HISTORICAL
J2004_199804
This SAE Standard is equivalent to ISO Standard 6627 TR. Differences, where they exist, are shown in Appendix A with associated rationale. This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional features of commonly used oil control rings having two steel segments (rails) separated and expanded by one steel expander/spacer. The segments vary in width from 0.4 to 0.6 mm. The assembly width ranges from 2.5 to 4.75 mm. The 4.75 mm width is equivalent to existing 3/16 in applications. Expander design will vary considerably with piston ring manufacturer. The total circumferential deflection and the piston groove depth should be considered when designing these oil rings to optimize the fit of the ring assembly into the piston groove. This document applies to oil control rings up through 125 mm for reciprocating internal combustion engines. It may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Expander/Segment Oil Control Rings

2008-06-30
CURRENT
J2004_200806
This SAE Standard is equivalent to ISO Standard 6627 TR. Differences, where they exist, are shown in Appendix A with associated rationale. This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional features of commonly used oil control rings having two steel segments (rails) separated and expanded by one steel expander/spacer. The segments vary in width from 0.4 to 0.6 mm. The assembly width ranges from 2.5 to 4.75 mm. The 4.75 mm width is equivalent to existing 3/16 in applications. Expander design will vary considerably with piston ring manufacturer. The total circumferential deflection and the piston groove depth should be considered when designing these oil rings to optimize the fit of the ring assembly into the piston groove. This document applies to oil control rings up through 125 mm for reciprocating internal combustion engines. It may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Rectangular Rings

2008-06-30
CURRENT
J1997_200806
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of R, b, and M rectangular piston ring types. Dimensional tables 8 and 9 offer the choice of two radial wall thicknesses: a. radial wall thickness "regular" (table 8); b. radial wall thickness "D/22" (table 9). The requirements of this document apply to rectangular rings for reciprocating internal combustion piston engines up to and including 200 mm diameter. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Rectangular Rings With Narrow Ring Width

1990-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1998_199006
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of R, B, and M rectangular piston ring types with narrow ring width. Dimensional tables 8 and 9 allow for the use of cast iron (table 8) or steel (table 9). Since the modulus of elasticity of steel rings is higher than that of cast iron rings, the fluctuation in the surface pressure will become greater if the free gap is set as the reference for force. Therefore, forces are set using the surface pressure as the reference, in order to minimize the effect of the fluctuation. The requirements of this document apply to rectangular rings for reciprocating internal combustion engines up to and including 90 mm diameter for cast iron rings and up to and including 100 mm diameter for steel. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Rectangular Rings With Narrow Ring Width

1992-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1998_199210
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of R, B, and M rectangular piston ring types with narrow ring width. Dimensional tables 8 and 9 allow for the use of cast iron (table 8) or steel (table 9). Since the modulus of elasticity of steel rings is higher than that of cast iron rings, the fluctuation in the surface pressure will become greater if the free gap is set as the reference for force. Therefore, forces are set using the surface pressure as the reference, in order to minimize the effect of the fluctuation. The requirements of this document apply to rectangular rings for reciprocating internal combustion engines up to and including 90 mm diameter for cast iron rings and up to and including 100 mm diameter for steel. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Scraper Rings

1992-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1999_199210
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of N, NM, E, and EM scraper piston ring types. Dimensional Tables 7 and 8 offer the choice of two radial wall thicknesses: Radial wall thickness 'regular' (Table 7) Radial wall thickness 'D/22' (Table 8) The requirements of this document apply to scraper rings for reciprocating internal combustion piston engines up to and including 200 mm diameter. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Quality Requirements

2008-06-30
CURRENT
J1996_200806
This SAE Standard specifies the quality aspects that are capable of definition but not normally found on a drawing specification. The difficulty of trying to define in absolute terms the quality attainable in normal commercial manufacture of piston rings is well known. In this document the commonly encountered aspects of quality in terms of casting defects and other departures from ideal are quantified. Many minor defects are clearly quite acceptable; other defects because of size or numbers are inadmissible. This document covers the following: a) Single piece piston rings of grey, carbidic, malleable, spheroidal graphite cast iron or steel; b) Multipiece pistong rings (oil control rings) consisting of cast iron parts and spring components; c) Single piece and multipiece rings of steel, i.e., oil control rings in the form of strip steel components or steel segments (rails) with spring expander components.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Rectangular Rings

1989-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1997_198910
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of R, b, and M rectangular piston ring types. Dimensional tables 8 and 9 offer the choice of two radial wall thicknesses: a. radial wall thickness "regular" (table 8); b. radial wall thickness "D/22" (table 9). The requirements of this document apply to rectangular rings for reciprocating internal combustion piston engines up to and including 200 mm diameter. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines-Piston Rings-Rectangular Rings

1998-04-01
HISTORICAL
J1997_199804
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of R, b, and M rectangular piston ring types. Dimensional tables 8 and 9 offer the choice of two radial wall thicknesses: a. radial wall thickness "regular" (table 8); b. radial wall thickness "D/22" (table 9). The requirements of this document apply to rectangular rings for reciprocating internal combustion piston engines up to and including 200 mm diameter. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Rectangular Rings

1992-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1997_199210
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of R, b, and M rectangular piston ring types. Dimensional tables 8 and 9 offer the choice of two radial wall thicknesses: a. radial wall thickness "regular" (table 8); b. radial wall thickness "D/22" (table 9). The requirements of this document apply to rectangular rings for reciprocating internal combustion piston engines up to and including 200 mm diameter. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Quality Requirements

1992-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1996_199210
This SAE Standard specifies the quality aspects that are capable of definition but not normally found on a drawing specification. The difficulty of trying to define in absolute terms the quality attainable in normal commercial manufacture of piston rings is well known. In this document the commonly encountered aspects of quality in terms of casting defects and other departures from ideal are quantified. Many minor defects are clearly quite acceptable; other defects because of size or numbers are inadmissible. This document covers the following: a) Single piece piston rings of grey, carbidic, malleable, spheroidal graphite cast iron or steel; b) Multipiece pistong rings (oil control rings) consisting of cast iron parts and spring components; c) Single piece and multipiece rings of steel, i.e., oil control rings in the form of strip steel components or steel segments (rails) with spring expander components.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Quality Requirements

1990-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1996_199006
This SAE Standard specifies the quality aspects that are capable of definition but not normally found on a drawing specification. The difficulty of trying to define in absolute terms the quality attainable in normal commercial manufacture of piston rings is well known. In this document the commonly encountered aspects of quality in terms of casting defects and other departures from ideal are quantified. Many minor defects are clearly quite acceptable; other defects because of size or numbers are inadmissible. This document covers the following: a) Single piece piston rings of grey, carbidic, malleable, spheroidal graphite cast iron or steel; b) Multipiece pistong rings (oil control rings) consisting of cast iron parts and spring components; c) Single piece and multipiece rings of steel, i.e., oil control rings in the form of strip steel components or steel segments (rails) with spring expander components.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines-Piston Rings-Quality Requirements

1998-04-17
HISTORICAL
J1996_199804
This SAE Standard specifies the quality aspects that are capable of definition but not normally found on a drawing specification. The difficulty of trying to define in absolute terms the quality attainable in normal commercial manufacture of piston rings is well known. In this document the commonly encountered aspects of quality in terms of casting defects and other departures from ideal are quantified. Many minor defects are clearly quite acceptable; other defects because of size or numbers are inadmissible. This document covers the following: a) Single piece piston rings of grey, carbidic, malleable, spheroidal graphite cast iron or steel; b) Multipiece pistong rings (oil control rings) consisting of cast iron parts and spring components; c) Single piece and multipiece rings of steel, i.e., oil control rings in the form of strip steel components or steel segments (rails) with spring expander components.
Standard

Internal Combustion Engines--Piston Rings--Scraper Rings

2008-06-30
CURRENT
J1999_200806
This SAE Standard specifies the essential dimensional features of N, NM, E, and EM scraper piston ring types. Dimensional Tables 7 and 8 offer the choice of two radial wall thicknesses: Radial wall thickness 'regular' (Table 7) Radial wall thickness 'D/22' (Table 8) The requirements of this document apply to scraper rings for reciprocating internal combustion piston engines up to and including 200 mm diameter. They may also be used for piston rings of compressors working under similar conditions.
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