Editorial Autonomy's data binge is more like a 5-course meal. Big Data, Big Challenges Cloud services and multiple partnerships are issues the mobility industry grapples with as data implications expand outside the vehicle. Reinventing the Automobile's Design The convergence of electric propulsion, Level 5 autonomy, and the advent of car-free urban zones, is driving new approaches to vehicle design and engineering. When Steering Isn't Steering Anymore High-level autonomy requires new thinking for even basic vehicle controls. Steer-by-wire technology eases some of the complexities automated driving presents-and offers desirable new possibilities. Autonomy and Electrification: A Perfect Match? Combining SAE Level 4/5 functionality and EV platforms brings chal-lenges-and opportunities for cost reduction and systems optimization. Who's Ahead in the Automated-Driving Race? The 2018 Navigant Research Leaderboard study brings interesting insights on the industry's progress.
HPD: HPM II Design Tool SAE Part#EA-3HPD The H-Point design tool is a set of data used during design in conjunction with the H-Point machine. In an IGES file format the HPM II is positioned in 1 neutral position and the 4 pre-defined postures. The file is uploaded into the resident CAD system and the user must add constraints and parametrics. The HPD is referenced in J 826_2002 as a critical component to the design applications of the HPM II.
Vehicle aerodynamic development, drag reduction and fuel economy, handling and stability, cooling flows, surface soiling and water management, vehicle internal environment, tyre aerodynamics and modelling, aeroacoustics, structural response to aerodynamic loading, simulating the on-road environment, onset flow turbulence, unsteady aerodynamics, fundamental flow structures, new test methods and facilities, new applications of computational fluid dynamics simulation, competition vehicle aerodynamics.
This method describes a gravimetric procedure for the determination of solid particle contamination in packaged aircraft turbine lubricants and related fluids. This method is Federal Test Method 791, Method 3010 used in Aerospace Standard 5780.
This specification will establish the critical controls and requirements for the production of reliable, repeatable, reproducible aerospace parts by Laser Sintering fabrication but is not limited to such application. This procedure will establish guidelines that users shall follow to approve new machines, processes, and materials. Specifically, this specification covers the configuration of the machine, operating software, machine calibration, machine and build parameters, and testing methodology required to create high performance aerospace parts. This specification also outlines the user’s responsibility for following the established guidelines and documentation requirements
This specification will establish the minimum requirements for Laser Sintering feedstock to be used in conjunction with the Laser Sintering process specification for fabricating LS parts. The Laser Sintering part (with/without subsequent processing) may be used for, but not limited to, aerospace applications. This specification outlines the minimum technical and documentation requirements for Laser Sintering materials.
The scope of this document is to clearly lay out the path for an organization to implement a CBM approach to maintenance. The practices will include both CBM in design and in the support phase for fielded equipment.
This document will address techniques or methods that have been used within the industry to address the problem of engine stability margin accounting when combinations of distortion types exist in an aircraft installation. Its focus is combining temperature, planar wave, and swirl distortion with time-variant spatial total pressure distortion. Example methodologies will be presented along with example cases where co-existing distortions have been evaluated. It will also address the areas where the industries' knowledge base is lacking (experimental data or computational methods) and the future work that is needed for methodology development in these areas. This document is viewed to be updated every five years as more information (data either experimentally or analytically) becomes available.
Inconel 718 L-PBF Material specification - Use SDM 718 tensile data (SR+HIP+SA per API 6A718) - T99 (sample size 90 room temperature cylindrical ASTM E8 tensile results from a total of 9 builds evenly divided between EOS machines M400, M280 and M290) - Data analysis performed by Battelle - UTS 198 ksi / YS 157 ksi / E- 19%
This method is used for determining the compatibility of a candidate lubricant with specific reference lubricants. The reference lubricants will typically be mandated by the product specification against which the candidate lubricant is being compared. This method is based on Federal Standard 791 method 3403 and Defence Standard 05-50 (Part 61) method 24, incorporating the modifications called for in SAE AS5780.
THE HIGH-TEMPERATURE DEPOSITION TEST (HTDT) METHOD IS DESIGNED TO EVALUATE THE DEPOSITION AND DEGRADATION CHARACTERISTICS OF TURBINE LUBRICANTS WHEN STRESSED UNDER MIXED-PHASE FLOW CONDITIONS FOUND IN CERTAIN PARTS OF AVIATION GAS TURBINE ENGINES. THIS METHOD IS APPLICABLE TO LUBRICANTS THAT FORM DEPOSITS IN THE RANGE OF 0.1 TO 100 MG DURING THE COURSE OF A TEST.
This collection covers advances in the development and application of models and tools involved in multi-dimensional engine modeling: advances in chemical kinetics, combustion and spray modeling, turbulence, heat transfer, mesh generation, and approaches targeting improved computational efficiency. Papers employing multi-dimensional modeling to gain a deeper understanding of processes related to turbulent transport, transient phenomena, and chemically reacting, two-phase flows are included in this collection.
The main use of FRC in automobiles, with the exception of a few specialized low volume vehicles, has been until now in semistructural parts. One of the most promising process in development today, that may play major role in future structural composite fabrication, is based on SRIM technology. The rapid and extensive introduction of this process goes also through the development of deeper theoretical knowledge of the process and the development of computer simulation to aid mold design and choice of proper processing parameters. To contribute SRIM advancement, a preliminary model has been developed for viscosity changes, extent of the reaction and temperature rises, associated with the mold filling stage, as well as a simple software to evaluate the pressure drop through different combinations of reinforcements.
Mold designers and foundrymen spend a lot of time in developing molds without knowing exactly the phenomena which take place inside. Simulor, which has been used in an industrial environment for two years, offers the solution to make foundrymen understand what happens during the filling of the mold and the solidification of the part. Based on navier-stokes and heat transfer equations, simulor provides speed distribution and metal front evolution in the cavity and thermal map in the mold and the part. Some examples with different metals (cast iron, aluminum alloy) cast with various processes (sand or die casting, low pressure or gravity casting) will be given. This new tool will given foundrymen the opportunity to test the mold before having it machined and will also allow reduction in development delays.
In order to improve the design of drawn parts and to reduce the number of trial and error tests, Renault has undertaken the development and the validation of various finite element procedures and codes. This paper describes the function of each software and its level of integration into the design process. One of them is already an operational tool used be planners whilst the others are still in the validation phase. Selected examples show typical applications of the computer programs on automotive parts.
In this paper the socio-economic and technical problems of the handling of car wrecks are discussed. The recovery of metals as a goal for shredder operations will increasingly be supplemented with the recovery of other materials such as polymers. In order to deal economically and technically with polymer materials, it is necessary to know in advance which type of wreck handling will be used. Also optimization of shredder operations allow less freedom to incorporate a variety of materials when compared with selective dismantling or disassemble of cars. It is argued that various technical solutions have to be accompanied by increased cooperation along the firms that are connected to the handling of car wrecks. Cooperation between the scrap context and designers is essential, in order to optimize dismantling practices according to criteria of environmentally preferred solutions.
Compression molding of thermoplastic sheets, consolidated or non- consolidated, reinforced with glass fibers (GMT, GRT) is applied as an economic production process in the automotive industry. The aim of this work is to evaluate how the physical and mechanical strength characteristics depend on the presence or absence of ribs and how component performance may be changed by modifying the molding parameters, altering the content and orientation of the reinforcement fibers in the ribbed areas. For this purpose, two statistical designs will be considered, the first carried out on a box type component without ribs, the second on the same component with a set of internal ribs. Two different materials with a PP matrix will be tested, a GMT reinforced with continuous random glass fibers and a 12 mm random glass fibers composite.
The purely theoretical evaluation of critical compression loads seems complex and not very reliable in the case of honeycomb panels, on account of the numerous parameters in play and their complex interrelationships. This report provides the designer with a fast tool for preliminary calculations, consisting of a finite-element mathematical model with elastic-linear code (which can be processed using a PC), which makes it possible to obtain information very closely resembling the real situation.