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Technical Paper

19-Color H2O Absorption Spectrometer Applied for Real-Time In-Cylinder Gas Thermometry in an HCCI Engine

2007-04-16
2007-01-0188
1 An all fiber-optic sensor has been developed to measure H2O mole fraction and gas temperature in an HCCI engine. This absorption-spectroscopy-based sensor utilizes a broad wavelength (1320 to 1380 nm) source (supercontinua generated by a microchip laser) and a series of fiber Bragg gratings (19 gratings centered on unique water absorption peaks) to track the formation and temperature of combustion water vapor. The spectral coverage of the system promises improved measurement accuracy over two-line diode-laser based systems. Meanwhile, the simplicity of the fiber Bragg grating chromatic dispersion approach significantly reduces the data reduction time and cost relative to previous supercontinuum-based sensors. The data provided by the system is expected to enhance studies of the chemical kinetics which govern HCCI ignition as well as HCCI modeling efforts.
Technical Paper

2006 Corvette Z06 Carbon Fiber Fender- Engineering, Design, and Material Selection Considerations

2005-04-11
2005-01-0468
General Motor's Corvette product engineering was given the challenge to find mass reduction opportunities on the painted body panels of the C6 Z06 through the utilization of carbon fiber reinforced composites (CFRC). The successful implementation of a carbon fiber hood on the 2004 C5 Commemorative Edition Z06 Corvette was the springboard for Corvette Team's appetite for a more extensive application of CFRC on the C6 Z06 model. Fenders were identified as the best application for the technology given their location on the front of the vehicle and the amount of mass saved. The C6 Z06 CFRC fenders provide 6kg reduction of vehicle mass as compared to the smaller RRIM fenders used on the Coupe and Convertible models.
Technical Paper

2006 Corvette Z06 Carbon Fiber Structural Composite Panels- Design, Manufacturing and Material Development Considerations

2005-04-11
2005-01-0469
The General Motors Corvette Product Engineering Team is in a continual search for mass-reduction technologies which provide performance improvements that are affordable and add value for their customers. The structural composite panels of the C6 Z06 provided a unique opportunity to extend the use of carbon fiber reinforced materials to reduce mass and enhance performance. The entire vehicle set of composite panels was reviewed as candidates for material substitution, with the selection criteria based on the cost per kg of mass saved, tooling cost required, and the location of the mass to be saved. Priority was extended to mass savings at the front of the vehicle. After a carefully balanced selection process, two components, both requiring redesign because of the Z06’s wider stance, met the criteria: the Front Wheelhouse Outer Panel and Floor Panels. The current Floor Panels, first used on the C5, are large and are a balsawood-cored glass fiber reinforced composite design.
Technical Paper

2013 SRT Viper Carbon Fiber X-Brace

2013-04-08
2013-01-1775
The 2013 SRT Viper Carbon Fiber X-Brace, styled by Chrysler's Product Design Office (PDO), is as much of a work of art as it is an engineered structural component. Presented in this paper is the design evolution, development and performance refinement of the composite X-Brace (shown in Figure 1). The single-piece, all Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) X-Brace, an important structural component of the body system, was developed from lightweight carbon fiber material to maximize weight reduction and meet performance targets. The development process was driven extensively by virtual engineering, which applied CAE analysis and results to drive the design and improve the design efficiency. Topology optimization and section optimization were used to generate the initial design's shape, form and profile, while respecting the package requirements of the engine compartment.
Standard

265°F Vacuum Cure, Epoxy Prepregs

2017-11-08
WIP
AMS6566
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have one slash/detail specs.
Standard

265°F Vacuum Cure, Epoxy Prepregs Type 42, Class 2, Grade 193, Style 12K-193-SFP-OSI

2017-11-10
WIP
AMS6566/1
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have one slash/detail specs.
Standard

265°F, Autoclave Vacuum Bag Cure, Epoxy Prepreg, Type 33, Class 1, Grade 148, Intermediate Modulus Carbon Fiber

2017-11-10
WIP
AMS6568/1
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have three slash/detail specs.
Standard

265°F, Autoclave Vacuum Bag Cure, Epoxy Prepreg, Type 40, Class 2, Grade 195, Style 3K-PW, Standard Modulus Carbon Fiber

2017-11-10
WIP
AMS6568/2
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness.
Standard

265°F, Autoclave Vacuum Bag Cure, Epoxy Prepregs

2017-11-08
WIP
AMS6568
The purpose of this specification is to allow procurement of a defined material corresponding to statistically derived material properties published in CMH-17. This material is intended for use in laminate applications with a service temperature up to 180 °F. They are typically used in structural applications requiring high strength and stiffness. This is the base specification and it will have three slash/detail specs.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of this base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of this base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 1

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961/3A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 1

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961/3
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 2

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961/2
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 35, Class 1, Grade 190, Fiber 2

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961/2A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 38, Class 2, Grade 193, Style 3K-70-PW, Fiber 1

2019-03-12
WIP
AMS3961/1A
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Standard

350 °F Autoclave Cure, Low Flow Toughened Epoxy Prepregs, Type 38, Class 2, Grade 193, Style 3K-70-PW, Fiber 1

2015-12-02
CURRENT
AMS3961/1
The intent of this specification is for the procurement of the material listed on the QPL and, therefore, no qualification or equivalency threshold values are provided. Users that intend to conduct a new material qualification or equivalency program shall refer to the Quality Assurance section of the base specification, AMS3961. All material qualification and equivalency data has been archived and is available for review upon request. Contact the CMH-17 Secretariat (www.cmh17.org) for additional information.
Technical Paper

3D Composite Sandwich Structures Applied to Car Manufacturing

1998-02-23
980071
Composite materials applied to automotive structures have been developed in the last few years, due mainly to the introduction of new technologies for manufacturing them and the well known advantages of composites versus traditional materials. One of these new processes of manufacturing of textile preforms lead to 3D warp knitted composite sandwich structures. The application of this process of manufacturing achieves significant reduction of labour and processing cost, in comparison with typical construction of composite parts. In this paper, this manufacturing process of 3D composite sandwich preforms is described. A tipical composite sandwich structure is composed of skins and core. However, 3D composite sandwich structures are characterised by the existence of transversal fibers which join one skin to the other. Resultant preforms have the mechanical advantages of classical composite sandwich structures, as a high specific stiffness versus bending.
Technical Paper

3D Woven Composites for Energy Absorption Applications

2016-04-05
2016-01-0530
Composites reinforced with 3D woven fiber preforms are known to display improved through thickness performance when tested using methods such as the ASTM D6415 curved beam protocol. The presence of reinforcing fiber in the through-thickness direction eliminates delamination as a mode of failure and allows the composite to continue to carry increasing loads well beyond first crack initiation. We propose that this characteristic of 3D woven composites may be exploited for applications such as automotive crash structures, which are required to dissipate large amounts of energy during an impact event. The rate dependent nature of these materials, however, is not well understood. An empirical study was conducted to provide an initial understanding of the dynamic behavior of 3D composites.
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