Opportunities, Challenges, and Requirements for Use of Blockchain in Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operating Below 400 Feet Above Ground Level for Commercial Use
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) focuses on opportunities, challenges, and requirements in use of blockchain for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) operating at and below 400 feet above ground level (AGL) for commercial use. UAS stakeholders like original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), suppliers, operators, owners, regulators, and maintenance repair and overhaul (MRO) providers face many challenges in certification, airspace management, operations, supply chain, and maintenance. Blockchain—defined as a distributed ledger technology that includes enterprise blockchain—can help address some of these challenges. Blockchain technology is evolving and also poses certain concerns in adoption. This AIR provides information on the current UAS challenges and how these challenges can be addressed by deploying blockchain technology along with identified areas of concern when using this technology. The scope of this AIR includes elicitation of key requirements for blockchain in UAS across its life cycle and the need for the standardization of blockchain-enabled processes.
The number of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) has been growing over the past few years and will continue to grow at a faster pace in the near future. UAS faces many challenges in certification, airspace management, operations, supply chain, and maintenance. Blockchain—defined as a distributed ledger technology for the enterprise that features immutability, traceability, automation, data privacy, and security—can help address some of these challenges. However, blockchain also has certain drawbacks and it is still not fully mature. Hence, it is essential to study how blockchain can help UAS. This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents the current opportunities and challenges of UAS operating at or below 400 feet above ground level (AGL) altitude for commercial use and how blockchain can help meet these challenges. It also provides requirements for developing a blockchain solution for UAS along with the need for the standardization of blockchain-enabled processes.
Unmanned aerial vehicles
Supply chain management
Business and general aviation aircraft
Maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO)
Also known as: SAE AIR 7356
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